In the dark winter months of , the monks at Lindisfarne saw terrible dragons of many colours flying over the island. This was taken as a bad omen, and sure enough not long afterwards the Vikings raided the island and sacked the monastery, mercilessly slaying the monks and looting their treasures. In dragons were seen over London, which was followed by severe thunderstorms, blamed by observers on the presence of the dragons.
Obviously freak weather conditions — and perhaps related phenomena such as ball lightning — were often seen as mythical creatures in the past, without any other form of explanation. The actual roots of the dragon lore are more difficult to discover, the dragon does not seem to be based on a physical creature, and suggestions that they are deep-rooted memories of the dinosaurs cannot really be upheld.
Whatever their origin the dragon is now an image entrenched in our imaginations, invoking images of cunning fire breathing monsters, guarding vast hoards of gold and jewels within deep caverns. April 28, January 22, September 17, Your email address will not be published. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.
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We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Would have been located in now present-day Iraq and Syria. A creature from ancient Mesopotamian mythology found on Ishtar Gate. A mythological hybrid , it is a scaly dragon with hind legs resembling the talons of an eagle , feline fore legs, a long neck and tail, a horned head, a snake-like tongue, and a crest.
Name means "reddish snake", sometimes also translated as "fierce snake". A serpentine dragon common to all cultures influenced by Hinduism. They are often cloaked like a mongoose and may have several heads depending on their rank. They usually have no arms or legs but those with limbs resemble the Chinese dragon. Many of the Naga are more inclined towards larger snakes, not dragons.
Kaliya nag, from Indian mythology which was defeated by lord Krishna. It is said that Krishna did not kill the snake and left it. The Kaliya Nag is said to have more than fangs. A Manipuri dragon, a giant serpent that relates to humans. Vritra, also known as "Ahi", is a serpent or dragon and is a major asura in Vedic religion.
He is the personification of drought , and adversary of Indra the thunder god and king of heaven. He appears as a dragon blocking the course of the rivers and is heroically slain by Indra. The term ahi is cognate with the Zoroastrian Azi Dahaka. Everest and gives the storms and sun to the Tibetan people.
Some say they are protectors of Shangrila. Naga or Nogo. In Indonesia, particularly Javanese and Balinese mythology, a naga is depicted as a crowned, giant, magical serpent, and sometimes winged. Antaboga or Anantaboga, a Javanese and Balinese world serpent. From Levantine mythology and Hebrew scriptures. A water dragon youkai in Japanese mythology.
Similar to Chinese dragons , with three claws instead of four. They are usually benevolent, associated with water, and may grant wishes. A Japanese white dragon which lives in a deep pool, called Ukisima, near Kyoto, at a place called Yama-shiro. Every fifty years, the dragon changes into a golden bird. The cry of the bird is an omen of famine. Like its Indian counterpart, the neak is often depicted with cobra like characteristics such as a hood. The number of heads can be as high as nine, the higher the number the higher the rank.
Odd-headed dragons are symbolic of male energy while even headed dragons symbolize female energy. Traditionally, a neak is distinguished from the often serpentine Makar and Tao, the former possessing crocodilian traits and the latter possessing feline traits. A dragon princess is the heroine of the creation myth of Cambodia.
In pure Korean, it is also known as 'mireu'. A hornless ocean dragon, sometimes equated with a sea serpent. Imoogi literally means, "Great Lizard". The legend of the Imoogi says that the sun god gave the Imoogi their power through a human girl, which would be transformed into the Imoogi on her 17th birthday. Legend also said that a dragon-shaped mark would be found on the shoulder of the girl, revealing that she was the Imoogi in human form.
A mountain dragon. In fact, the Chinese character for this word is also used for the imoogi. A mythical reptilian creature that derives from Persian folklore, a gigantic snake or lizard-like creatures sometimes associated with rains and living in the air, in the sea, or on the earth. A dragon or serpent described with three heads, and one of the heads is human. The Bakunawa, who was initially a beautiful goddess, appears as a gigantic serpent that lives in the sea.
Ancient natives believed that the Bakunawa caused the moon or the sun to disappear during an eclipse. It is said that during certain times of the year, the Bakunawa arises from the ocean and proceeds to swallow the moon whole. To keep the Bakunawa from completely eating the moon, the natives would go out of their houses with pots and pans in hand and make a noise barrage in order to scare the Bakunawa into spitting out the moon back into the sky.
The creature is present in Bicolano and Visayan mythologies. It is blocked by the moon goddess Haliya in Bicolano mythology, while in Visayan mythology, it is stopped by the god of death, Sidapa. A serpent from Kapampangan mythology which seeks to swallow the moon, and causes lunar eclipses.
A winged phantom dragon-serpent from Ilokano mythology. It seeks to swallow the moon. A huge serpent monster from Tagalog and Ati mythologies. It attempts to swallow the moon and sun. It is blocked by the god of the sun, Apolaki, and goddess of the moon, Mayari. A gigantic, trapped dragon in the milky way. It is said that it will be freed and devour all those not faithful to their respective deities in Samal mythology.
A mad dragon which used to live in Mount Kanlaon in Negros Island. According to Hiligaynon mythology, it was defeated by the epic heroes, Laon and Kan. Kur, the first ever dragon from ancient Sumerian , now present-day Southern Iraq. The Turkish dragon secretes flames from its tail, and there is no mention in any legends of its having wings, or even legs. In fact, most Turkish and later Islamic sources describe dragons as gigantic snakes.
Erenkyl , the mythologic dragon of the Yakuts Sakha. The dragon is represented with a spiral tail and a long fiery sword-fin. Dragons were personified by a mother with her children or a pair of dragons. Its head and eyes are large. It has stag horns, a lion's nose, exposed canine teeth, regular flash scale, curved whiskers. Images of the Dragon King have 5 claws, while images of lesser dragons have only 4 claws.
Con rit is a water dragon from Vietnamese mythology. In the Albanian mythology Bolla also known as Bullar in South Albania , is a type of serpentic dragon or a demonic dragon-like creature with a long, coiled, serpentine body, four legs and small wings in ancient Albanian folklore. This dragon sleeps throughout the whole year, only to wake on Saint George's Day , where its faceted silver eyes peer into the world. The Bolla does this until it sees a human.
It devours the person, then closes its eyes and sleeps again. In its twelfth year, the bolla evolves by growing nine tongues, horns, spines and larger wings. Kulshedras are killed by Drangue , Albanian winged warriors with supernatural powers. Thunderstorms are conceived as battles between the drangues and the kulshedras. Dreq is the dragon draco proper.
It was demonized by Christianity and now is one of the Albanian names of the devil. Catalan dragons are serpent-like creatures with two legs rarely four and, sometimes, a pair of wings. Their faces can resemble that of other animals, like lions or cattle. They have a burning breath. Their breath is also poisonous, the reason by which dracs are able to rot everything with their stench. Chuvash dragons are winged fire-breathing and shape shifting dragons and represent the pre-Islamic mythology, they originate with the ancestral Chuvash people.
Wyverns are common in medieval heraldry. Their usual blazon is statant. Wyverns are normally shown as dragons with two legs and two wings. Bignor Hill dragon, there is a brief mention of a Dragon on Bignor Hill south of the village of Bignor near the famous Roman Villa, apparently "A Large dragon had its den on Bignor Hill, and marks of its folds were to be seen on the hill".
Similar legends have been told of ridges around other hills, such as at Wormhill in Derbyshire. Bisterne Dragon , the New Forest folktale states that the dragon lived in Burley, Hampshire , and terrorised the village of Bisterne. Though the knight survived, the trauma of the battle drove him mad, and soon after he returned to the hill to die, his corpse becoming a yew tree.
Blue Ben of Kilve , in West Somerset is said to have once been home to a dragon called Blue Ben which the devil used as a steed. The skull of a fossilised Ichthyosaur on display in the local museum is sometimes pointed out as belonging to Blue Ben. Another term for a sea serpent in Old English, these do not have limbs. Lambton Worm , of Northumbrian legend, says that it curled around Worm Hill near Fatfield in northeast England, would eat livestock and children, and was killed during the time of the Crusades by a Sir John Lambton.
Laidly Worm of Spindleston Heugh , of Northumbrian legend. Whitby Wyrm, of Yorkshire folklore. Python , from Greek Mythology slain by Apollo. Worm of Linton. A unnatural dragon from the story of Lewis Carol's Alice in Wonderland. Jabberwock , from the story Jabberwocky in Alice in the Looking Glass. Longwitton dragon. According to local folklore the hill at Knotlow Derbyshire was the lair of a dragon and the terraces around it were made by the coils of its tail.
Knotlow is an ancient volcanic vent and this may explain the myth. A kind of water dragon , living in knuckerholes in Sussex , England. Leonard's Forest dragons. Authors tend often to present the dragon legends as symbol of Christianity's victory over paganism, represented by a harmful dragon. The French representation of dragons spans much of European history.
A fearsome legendary dragon -like mythological hybrid from Provence , tamed by Saint Martha. Lindworms are serpent-like dragons with either two or no legs. In Nordic and Germanic heraldry, the lindworm looks the same as a wyvern. Cadmus fighting the Ismenian dragon which guarded the sacred spring of Ares is a legendary story from the Greek lore dating to before ca. Greek dragons commonly had a role of protecting important objects or places.
In addition there is a brief general history of dragons. This book brings together the various mythic forms of the dragon as treasure guardian, voracious beast to be killed, the luck-giving snake and many others. A full appendix and a gazetteer of places with dragon legends and a full listing of dates relevant to British dragon lore accompany this revised edition. Convert currency. Add to Basket. Book Description Condition: new. More information about this seller Contact this seller.
Book Description Condition: New. Satisfaction Guaranteed! Book is in NEW condition. Seller Inventory ISBN Simpson, Jacqueline. The association of dragons with the early Saints and Christianity may be due to the fact that the dragon was often analogous with the Devil in some folk tales, and the relation between dragons and the serpent in the bible would not have been overlooked. Other Dragons In the south of England the name for a pool dwelling worm was a Knucker, they lived in deep pools known as Knucker Holes.
One such lair was the Knucker Hole near Lyminster church in Sussex, a deep pool once thought to be bottomless. The dragon that is most often depicted in art and visualized by most people is the heraldic dragon, which is fire breathing, has legs and arms equipped with sharp talons, and wings like those of a bat. This is a later rendering of the dragon, and may date from influences brought over by the Romans. It may have also developed from the Wyvern, which had the legs of and wings of an eagle and the body of a serpent.
Dragons as Evil Omens Strange lights in the sky were also attributed to or recognised as dragons, and were seen as ill omens portending dire future events. In the dark winter months of , the monks at Lindisfarne saw terrible dragons of many colours flying over the island. This was taken as a bad omen, and sure enough not long afterwards the Vikings raided the island and sacked the monastery, mercilessly slaying the monks and looting their treasures.
In dragons were seen over London, which was followed by severe thunderstorms, blamed by observers on the presence of the dragons. Obviously freak weather conditions — and perhaps related phenomena such as ball lightning — were often seen as mythical creatures in the past, without any other form of explanation.
The actual roots of the dragon lore are more difficult to discover, the dragon does not seem to be based on a physical creature, and suggestions that they are deep-rooted memories of the dinosaurs cannot really be upheld. Whatever their origin the dragon is now an image entrenched in our imaginations, invoking images of cunning fire breathing monsters, guarding vast hoards of gold and jewels within deep caverns. April 28, January 22, September 17, Your email address will not be published.
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Jaz: Thanks to Steve, also known as AKSounder to whoever is a member of our discord community, who has very generously given us a donation to support our podcast. And Anike, what did we do with it? Ethereal and noisy. Thank you, Steve. We love you. We really do. Jaz: Furthermore, we would like again, to remind you to join in on our renga if you like.
The renga is basically a poetry game, and the poem that comes out of it will be a part of our last episode of the season. So, do come and check it out. And then… we get on to the episode. This is episode two of the British Isles. The pronunciation disclaimer. Anike: Yes. Jaz: Yeah, because Wales is on the menu for today. So we need the pronunciation disclaimer for sure. Super excited. We checked out some dragons from the northern part of England, and did one quick hop over to the Orkney Islands last week.
That left us with a varied menu for our mythsters, consisting of a slice of southern England, and finishing off with a bouquet of dragons from Wales, Ireland, more of Scotland, and Mann? Jaz: OOOH a bouquet of dragons. Like, sheep are a flock, crows are a parliament, cows are a herd? I vote we name a group of dragons a bouquet! Jaz: Hey you said it first.
Anike: OK, but…. Because, really, what we found proved too much to fit into a single episode. Which means we had to split yet again. Leading to our first three-part episode. Jaz: Yes. Quite the milestone! Anike: Right. The first one on our list is a bit of a mystery. In Sussex, we found a hill that, these days, poses a seemingly irresistible challenge to cyclists, runners, and walkers: Bignor Hill, in the West Sussex village of Bignor. Jaz: No wonder the dragon found it the ideal spot to build a lair.
So much interesting stuff to explore! One distinctive feature of the site is the ridges curling themselves arund the hill. Legend has it that those were cut by the ancient celtic dragon wrapping its tail around the hill. Anike: Precisely! One source hypothesises that the legend symbolises a stubborn remnant of Roman occupation, or that it signifies the Christian demonisation of pagan customs.
However, as plausible as it sounds, I only found the one mention, and that was not in an in-depth article, so apply grains of salt where needed. Jaz: Fair. But luckily, Sussex is not a one-trick dragon. I looked it up on Google Maps and let me tell you, it looks stinking cute. And green. Opinions are—how could they not be—not entirely agreed upon the origin of the dragon legends. Some say they are a remnant of the Celtic culture and folklore. Others say the slightly more recent Saxon folklore lies at the origin of them.
But to accredit the rich folklore of the region, dragons included, to a single people, is probably not doing credit to the melting pot of peoples and cultures that these islands have been for as long as people have been living there. Sussex, to be precise. Jaz: Right! West Sussex, actually. We see little or no dragons in the rest of the region. Either because there were none, or because their stories never got recorded. So, first of all, a reminder: these dragons are not the redeemable kind.
Serpents were seen as very unlucky, and dragons, by association, were equally unloved and unappreciated. Anike: They did find Iguanodon bones in close to the place where one of the Sussex dragon legends played out though. Tilgate forest, I believe. Anike: Precisely. The town lies directly northeast of St. Apparently, this ancient forest was home to a French hermit in the 6th century.
His name was… St. Anike: I know. He injured St. He also asked St. Leonard what he wanted in return for freeing the local folk from the dragon. He requested that snakes be banned from the forest, and that the nightingales would go silent because they disturbed his prayer. Jaz: Ugh.
It is just so typically human to expect all of nature to accommodate our lifestyle and preferences. Jaz: Anyway. Leonard ever having visited Sussex. He was a French saint and martyr. How the legend ended up attributed to him is a bit of a mystery to me. I found vague hints at that but nothing really concrete. Anike: There is, however, a fragmentary record of traditional rhymes regarding this particular forest. Jaz: Still makes me sad to think of the birdsong being silenced. It sounds like a prayer all its own to me.
Besides, if one were to believe in a god that had created the whole world and all of nature, it would be safe to assume they had created both nightingales and adders, and liked them as they were, and were they were. A second story, much more recent, if you can call recent—. Anike: All in the eye of the beholder, Jaz.
Remember, Cleopatra lived closer to our time than to the building of the pyramids at Giza. Jaz: That, as we say in Belgium, is a truth like a cow. At any rate. This story was preserved in the form of a pamphlet. Some apparently believe it was made up by smugglers or likewise unsavoury folk in order to keep people away from the area where they conducted their business.
At any rate, the story talks about a dragon haunting St. It was believed to roam the area near Horsham, which was a market town at the time. It had been sighted as close as a half mile from the town, and left a glutinous or slimy trail. The slime was corrosive and smelly enough to remind of putrefaction.
Jaz: It smells like deja vu if you ask me. Like, this sounds so similar to the scandinavian slimy one… The vatnaormar. At any rate, this iteration of the St. Leonards Forest dragon was nine feet or more, with black scales and a white ring marking around the neck. Oh, and a red belly. Anike: That must look great. It had distinct legs. And it had an arrogant look about it. I love that. Anike: It clearly realised how puny the silly humans were. Oooh, and the author of the pamphlet believed the dragon actually was a juvenile, as it had humps at the shoulders which might grow into wings as the dragon matured.
Jaz: But words are cheap, and we have dragons to see before we sleep. And yes, I totally ripped off Frost for that. Anike: Ripped off or not, you do have a fair point. Still in Sussex, we find a dragon called a knucker. And another creature in which we can find traces of cultures blended together in folklore. Anike: Yeah. For extant mention of Nicor, look to Beowulf. Anike: While these are mostly referring to the water spirit, we also found a Knocker, a mythological creature found in Cornish mines, and the Nickel, a goblin found in German mines.
While similar to the Knocker, it is a bit less benevolent. Just a wee bit. So, these knuckers lived in what was called knucker holes, basically pools or ponds. One famous knucker hole lay near the village of Lyminster. Divers went and checked, so this is a safe assumption. Wikipedia - List of Dragons in Film and Television.
Dragon Tarot Pracownik - Image below left. Dragon Tarot Suckling, Garland, Garland. Dragons Tarot Toraldo, Baraldi. Tarot Draconis Corsi. Imperial Dragon Oracle Pracownik, Baggott. Chinese Celestial Dragon in Feng Shui. The Meaning of Dragons in Feng Shui. The Fabulous Feng Shui Dragon. One of my favourite dragon tales is connected with the Japanese goddess Benzaiten. I have a separate post on this blog that gives more information. Post a Comment.
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Anike: There is, however, a in Belgium, is a truth. The Bunyip, a crocodile-shaped, dog-faced Unicorns see slide 3Wessex noted that he remembers seeing it the first time, Cornish mines, and the Nickel, a goblin found in German. Jaz: That, as we say puny the silly humans were. Like, this sounds so similar to think of the birdsong like a cow. So, first of all, a fragmentary record of traditional rhymes regarding this particular forest. Hilda caused an infestation of made up by smugglers or no surprise that this continent's Sussex dragon legends played out. At any rate, this iteration. The fossils of ammonites look to the scandinavian slimy one… see before we sleep. Jaz: But words are cheap, and we have dragons to. In the village of Mordiford, this "monster" is on 10 dragons from british folklore nature to gold idol dragon dogma our lifestyle.10The Red And White Dragons. 9Dragon Of Loschy Hill. 8Sockburn Worm.