By educating student athletes about the harmful effects of anabolic steroids and providing nutrition and weight-training alternatives to steroid use, the ATLAS program has increased football players' healthy behaviors and reduced their intentions to misuse steroids. In the program, coaches and team leaders teach the harmful effects of anabolic steroids and other illicit drugs on immediate sports performance and discuss how to refuse offers of drugs. National Institutes of Health.
Drug Topics. More Drug Topics. Quick Links. About NIDA. Research Report. But your body knows just the right amount that you need, so there's no need to take any extra. There's also a type of medicine called steroids that people might take if they have pain, asthma , or a skin problem. But these aren't the kind of steroids getting attention in sports.
Anabolic steroids are artificially produced hormones that are the same as, or similar to, androgens, the male-type sex hormones in the body. The most powerful of these is testosterone say: tes-TOSS-tuh-rone. Anabolic steroids can be taken in the form of pills, powders, or injections. Anabolic steroids are always illegal, meaning that you could get arrested for buying, selling, or taking them.
Some athletes take anabolic steroids because of their testosterone-like effects, such as increasing muscle mass and strength. This might sound like just a guy thing, but girls also have used steroids to get stronger and change the way they look. And it's not only professional athletes who have taken these illegal drugs.
Investigations and studies have shown that teens, college athletes, and others have taken steroids. There are supplements available that contain anabolic steroids. You might see ads for these on the Internet or in the back of sports or body building magazines.
Some have been banned in the United States while others are still legal. Legal or illegal, these supplements can cause health problems. Kids should not take any steroid supplement, even those that are still on the market. Anabolic steroids cause many different types of problems. Less serious side effects include acne , oily hair, purple or red spots on the body, swelling of the legs and feet, and really bad breath.
A kid or teen who takes steroids might not grow as tall as he or she was supposed to grow. Because steroids can be injected given in a shot , users run the risk of getting illnesses that can be passed through needles that are dirty or shared.
This suggests that a prevention program should focus on comprehensive high-risk behavior screening and counseling among teens who use anabolic steroids. A more sophisticated approach has shown promise for preventing steroid misuse among players on high school sports teams.
The Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids ATLAS program is showing high school football players that they do not need steroids to build powerful muscles and improve athletic performance. By educating student athletes about the harmful effects of anabolic steroids and providing nutrition and weight-training alternatives to steroid use, the ATLAS program has increased football players' healthy behaviors and reduced their intentions to misuse steroids.
In the program, coaches and team leaders teach the harmful effects of anabolic steroids and other illicit drugs on immediate sports performance and discuss how to refuse offers of drugs. National Institutes of Health. Drug Topics. More Drug Topics. Teenagers, whose bodies are still developing, are at heightened risk.
An alarming number of them are trying steroids in hopes of improving their athletic prowess or their appearance. A: They are drugs that mimic the actions of the male sex hormone testosterone. This includes promoting the growth of cells, especially in muscle, and maintaining or increasing male physical characteristics. Various studies have been conducted and generally reflect the findings of a Youth Risk and Behavior Surveillance System study, which estimated that among U.
A: They are known to have a range of serious adverse effects on many organ systems, and in many cases the damage is not reversible. They include fertility problems, impotence, high blood pressure and cholesterol, and heart and liver abnormalities. Boys may experience shrinkage of the testes or the development of breast tissue; girls may experience menstrual irregularities and development of masculine qualities such as facial and body hair.
Both may experience acne. Both boys and girls may also experience mood swings and aggressive behavior, which can impact the lives not only of those taking steroids, but of everyone around them. Drug Enforcement Administration with strict regulations, meaning that not only is a prescription required, but there are extra controls. For example, it is illegal to possess them without a prescription in the United States, and in most circumstances the prescription must be in written form and cannot be called in to a pharmacist.
Labels on some steroids recommend testing of hormone levels during use. The number of FDA-approved uses is limited. Most are prescribed as a replacement for sub-normal levels of steroids. They are also prescribed for conditions such as muscle wasting, poor wound healing, and very specific pulmonary or bone marrow disorders. A health care professional can prescribe steroids off-label, meaning for conditions other than those that are FDA-approved. But children, particularly teens, are getting access to steroids and taking them for reasons far outside of their intended use.
Food and Drug Administration. Accessed May Skip to main content. Latest News. Emerging Drug Trends. Accidental Exposure: Drugs and Young Children. Medications in Your Home. Signs of Drug Use. Social Media: Understanding a Teen's World. True Stories. Using Over-the-Counter Medication Safely. Why do Teens Use Drugs? How Do Drug Overdoses Happen? School Failure. State and Federal Drug Laws. Treatment and Recovery. Get Involved. Red Ribbon Week is Oct.
Operation Prevention. Upcoming DEA Events. National Recovery Month Learn more about steroids and its effects on teens below. Be Informed. Like drug abuse, steroid testing use and abuse are becoming rampant in the United States especially amongst school going children especially high school. It is because of this that each state has developed its own set of laws to deal with steroid use.
States where steroid testing is mandatory The states of New Jersey, Texas and Florida have mandatory laws that call for the steroid testing of high school students. New Jersey was the first state to put this law into practice; however, they have not reported any positive test results yet. Florida has a law that requires a percentage of weightlifters, basketball and football players to be tested while Texas has a recent law that calls for general testing. States where there are laws but testing is not mandatory A few of the states in the United States have laws for steroid abuse.
However mandatory testing is not part of that law. There are laws however on the consequences of steroid abuse. California has a law that prohibits athletes in high school from using ephedra. In Iowa, testing for steroid use randomly is not allowed but if an athlete is caught using it then the suspension is an order. The state of Louisiana has a resolution passed to survey the extent of high school steroid use while schools in Maine are required to include steroids in their alcohol and drug policies.
Minnesota and Virginia are a bit of strict with their policies. In Minnesota, a person found guilty of selling steroids to minors can face a jail term of up to 20 years while in Virginia athletes can be banned for up to 2 years.