That decreased the production and manufacture of FDA-approved anabolic steroids, and if you have a lower level of supply but demand remains the same, what happens? Alternative sources appear. You had an influx of veterinary steroids and foreign steroids from Mexico and other countries. You slap on a label and sell it over the internet, on various websites or sometimes even on social media. The quality control is more open to question.
We went from regulated, FDA-approved products to unregulated, black-market products, which may contain little or none of the active ingredients. Or they may be contaminated. The other thing it did was drive doctors and pharmacists out of the equation. It had a chilling e ect on doctors being involved in any capacity, and it had a chilling effect on the users wanting to tell their doctors. But the vast majority of my cases are of a criminal nature, involving people either possessing or tra cking steroids, folks who are otherwise very law-abiding people.
Basically, guys who want to look better on the beach. The controlled-substance status has, ironically, increased the dangers that are associated with use. The law was motivated primarily because of athletic cheating. But people are using them much more in the way people opt to get cosmetic surgery or breast implants or Botox. We live in a society that is very appearance-driven. Every drug has risks. But many of the issues involve supervision and monitoring.
The difference between a medicine and poison is the dose. I started writing and posing for some magazines, and strongmen and powerlifters started coming to me. They trusted me. You have to be humble. Some doctors care for heroin users or others who are suffering. They have heart disease and kidney disease. People are always modifying the agents. There are three doors: Door No. Door No. I scare the shit out of them. I show them their family history of disease.
Steroids need to be studied. We need to get doctors to open up and see. They have these euphemisms now—they call it Low T. I competed natural. I wanted to see how far I could take my body without them. Not teenagers or men in their 20s. By the time I was 33, I owned three supplement stores. I felt like it was low. My libido was lower. I became kind of a research project for this doctor.
I honestly think most people take way too much. They have just enough knowledge to be dangerous. They think more drugs equals more results. More drugs equals more side e ects. HGH is a really good example. I use 3 IUs international units. Most of the pros I know are smart. They use them as a tool to be successful. The gym-rat guys are the ones who abuse them.
You have to understand that you could respond negatively to those compounds. I got started in the bodybuilding industry when I was about 15 years old. From a female perspective, there have been maybe eight to 11 studies on this, ever. And none of them used really good methods. The bikini division has changed the game. Steroids are available via prescription, for example to treat testosterone deficiency in men.
But as many people use steroids for non-medical reasons, they are often illegally obtained. Population studies for example, surveys and waste water tests show the use of steroids and other performance and image enhancing drugs in Australia is relatively low — between 0. Read more: Australia should stop beefing up its steroid laws — that won't help users. It ignores the spectrum of people who use steroids. Many users have an above average education and income, and are not involved in professional sports.
But people also take steroids to support occupational performance. For example, police officers , security personnel and prison guards have been reported to use steroids to improve physical performance on the job. Research has also found some people use steroids to achieve a youthful appearance, to increase sex drive and energy levels, or to aid recovery from illness or injury.
Read more: Muscling up: are steroids an emerging criminal threat? The most commonly identified side effects are cosmetic in nature for example, acne which are often reversible once steroid use is halted. But several serious health harms have been linked with steroid use, too. Most knowledge about the harmful effects of steroids is at this stage based on low level evidence, such as expert opinion, case reports or small observational studies, so we still need stronger evidence.
Prospective clinical trials which examine the efficacy and long-term effects of recreational steroid use are absent, but there are some important studies underway. In a number of studies comparing harms from a variety of drugs , relative to other drugs steroids consistently appear low on the list for general health harm as well as for physical, psychological and social harm to both users and society.
We must also appreciate the circumstances in which people use steroids can contribute to their risk of harm. For example, a person could be taking multiple substances simultaneously, or they might be using unverified products sourced illegally. The type of steroids used, the dosage and the length of time someone has been using steroids are all relevant factors.
So depending on their patterns of use, some people who use steroids will run greater health risks than others. Read more: Muscle mania: young men aren't alone with body image concerns. Another frequently cited side effect of non-medical steroid use is aggression and violence. Studies on animals have found a direct link between testosterone and increased aggressive behaviour.
We need further research to see whether or not this phenomenon translates to humans. Read more: In debates about drug use, fun is important.