Dexamethasone is a steroid that prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. Dexamethasone is used to treat many different conditions such as allergic disorders, skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, or breathing disorders. Dexamethasone may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
You should not use dexamethasone if you are allergic to it, or if you have:. Steroid medication affects your immune system. You may get infections more easily. Steroids can also worsen or reactivate an infection you've already had. Tell your doctor about any illness or infection you have had within the past several weeks. It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant.
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Dexamethasone can affect growth in children. Tell your doctor if your child is not growing at a normal rate while using this medicine. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Call your doctor for preventive treatment if you are exposed to chickenpox or measles.
These conditions can be serious or even fatal in people who are using steroid medicine. Do not receive a "live" vaccine while using dexamethasone. The vaccine may not work as well during this time, and may not fully protect you from disease. Live vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella MMR , polio, rotavirus, typhoid, yellow fever, varicella chickenpox , and zoster shingles. Use Decadron Dexamethasone Injection exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.
Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed. Your dose needs may change due to surgery, illness, stress, or a medical emergency.
Tell your doctor about any such situation that affects you. This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. You will be checked regularly by your health care professional while you are taking Decadron, to monitor side effects and check your response to therapy. Periodic blood work to monitor your complete blood count CBC as well as the function of other organs such as your kidneys and liver will also be ordered by your doctor.
Corticosteroids are naturally produced by the adrenal gland in the body. Corticosteroids influence the functioning of most of the body's systems heart, immune, muscles and bones, endocrine and nervous system. They exert a wide array of effects including effects on the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fats.
They help to maintain balance of fluids and electrolytes. Decadron is classified as a corticosteroid more precisely a glucocorticosteroid , and has many uses in the treatment of cancer. One way that it works is to decrease inflammation swelling.
It does this by preventing infection- fighting white blood cells polymorphonuclear leukocytes from traveling to the area of swelling in your body. This is why you are more prone to infection while taking steroids. Taking advantage of the anti-inflammatory properties of the medication, corticosteroids are used to decrease the swelling around tumors. For example, by decreasing swelling around tumors in the spine, brain, or bone, it can decrease the pressure of the tumor on nerve endings and relieve pain or other symptoms caused by the pressing tumor.
Another way Decadron works is by altering the body's normal immune system responses. In addition, it is thought that corticosteroids may help in the treatment of patients with blood disorders, such as multiple myeloma. Corticosteroids may work by causing programmed cell death apoptosis of certain cells, which may help to fight your disease. Decadron is also used in the short-term treatment of nausea caused by chemotherapy.
How it does this is not fully understood.
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The principal investigators of the study request that you use the official version of the modified score here. Steroid Conversion Calculator. Converts steroid dosages using dosing equivalencies. When to Use. Why Use. Patients on chronic steroids may need to have their doses converted to another form for drug shortages or availability or formulation pill, liquid, IV vs oral , for example.
Glucocorticoid potencies may differ greatly following IM or intra-articular administration. Fludrocortisone is not used for glucocorticoid effects only for its mineralocorticoid properties. Converting From:. Betamethasone IV. Cortisone PO. Dexamethasone IV or PO. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while using this medication.
Your healthcare provider will tell you how to store your medication. Store your medication only as directed. Make sure you understand how to store your medication properly. Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program.
In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can't be awakened, immediately call emergency services at Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor will order certain lab tests to check your body's response to dexamethasone injection. If you are having any skin tests such as allergy tests or tuberculosis tests, tell the doctor or technician that you are receiving dexamethasone injection.
Before having any laboratory test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are using dexamethasone injection. Do not let anyone else use your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription over-the-counter medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies. Generic alternatives may be available. Dexamethasone Injection pronounced as dex a meth' a sone.
Why is this medication prescribed? How should this medicine be used? Other uses for this medicine What special precautions should I follow? What special dietary instructions should I follow? What side effects can this medication cause? What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication? Brand names. Other uses for this medicine. What special precautions should I follow? Before receiving dexamethasone injection, tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to dexamethasone, any other medications, benzyl alcohol, or any of the ingredients in dexamethasone injection.
Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients. Be sure to mention any of the following: amphotericin B Abelcet, Ambisome, Amphotec ; anticoagulants 'blood thinners' such as warfarin Coumadin, Jantoven ; aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs such as ibuprofen Advil, Motrin and naproxen Aleve, Naprosyn and selective COX-2 inhibitors such as celecoxib Celebrex ; medications for diabetes including insulin; diuretics 'water pills' ; ephedrine; phenobarbital; phenytoin Dilantin, Phenytek ; and rifampin Rifadin, Rimactane, in Rifamate, in Rifater.
Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects. Your doctor will probably tell you not to use dexamethasone injection. Also tell your doctor if you have any type of untreated bacterial, parasitic, or viral infection anywhere in your body or a herpes eye infection a type of infection that causes a sore on the eyelid or eye surface. If you become pregnant while receiving dexamethasone injection, call your doctor.
Stay away from people who are sick and wash your hands often while you are using this medication.