organon of medicine by hahnemann

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Organon of medicine by hahnemann percent of high school athletes that use steroids

Organon of medicine by hahnemann

It contained several new additions and alterations including the change of "Vital Force" to "Vital Principle", the introduction of the 50 Millesimal Scale of Potentisation, and changes in the preparation, administration and repetition of drugs. The book begins with a preface by the author on the subject, with table of contents and a vast introduction to the subject, the philosophy and the presentation of how Homoeopathy became a method of practice in the medical profession.

The fifth edition of the Organon of Medicine is split into "Aphorisms", numbered 1 to The doctrine of Homoeopathy is discussed in the first seventy aphorisms, often referred to as the theoretical part: The sub-division of the philosophy of Homoeopathy is below:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Organon of the Art of Healing Sixth edition cover. Comparative study of placebo-controlled trials of homoeopathy and allopathy". The Lancet. PMID December Skeptical Inquirer.

American Cancer Society. Retrieved October 12, Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies. European Academies' Science Advisory Council. September Retrieved 1 October Homoeopathy and its kindred delusions: Two lectures delivered before the Boston Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Currents and counter-currents in medical science. Ticknor and Fields. OCLC OL M. ARH Journal: Topics in homeopathy. William Boericke C.

Kent E. Nash G. Preparations list Regulation and prevalence Homeopathy and allopathy Homeoprophylaxis Quackery. Categories : Books about health care Literature about homeopathy non-fiction books. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Download as PDF Printable version. Sixth edition cover. Many newer concepts like replacement of the vital force by vital principle, the 50th millesimal scale of potency and permissibility of external applications were introduced for the first time, which were unheard of in the other editions. The work is a result of the untiring effects of the master to improve and update his work and is of historical importance as far as the medical philosophy is concerned.

It is the high water mark of medical philosophy, the practical interpretation of which produces a veritable mountain of light and guides the physician by means of the law of cure to a new world in therapeutics. Various positive changes have been made to understand the subject in an easy and effortless way. The Organon Written by Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, The Organon of Medicine is the cornerstone of homeopathic principles and practice, and used by homeopathy students and practitioners.

Click on a link below to view the section Translator's Preface Introduction to Boericke's translation Author's Preface to the Sixth Edition Introduction Aphorism 1 to 10 Aphorism 11 to 20 Aphorism 21 to 30 Aphorism 31 to 40 Aphorism 41 to 50 Aphorism 51 to 60 Aphorism 61 to 70 Aphorism 71 to 80 Aphorism 81 to 90 Aphorism 91 to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to From the cover The Organon developed slowly out of Hahnemann's research and experimentation over a period of time.

High on philosophy Footnotes explaining difficult concepts Evolution of medical science reinstated Word Index for easy reference. I have now, after eighteen months of work, finished the sixth edition of my Organon, the most nearly perfect of all.

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Such has hitherto been the splendid juggling of so-called theoretical medicine, in which a priori conceptions and speculative subtleties raised a number of proud schools, which only showed what each of their founders had dreamed about things which could not be known, and which were of no use for the cure of diseases. Out of these sublime systems, soaring far beyond all experience, medical practice could obtain nothing available for actual treatment. A healing art conformable to nature and experience did not exist.

Every- thing in traditional medicine was the outcome of art and imagination, having no foundation in experience, but pranked out in the habiliments of probability. The object of cure the disease was manufactured to order by pathology. It was arbitrarily settled what diseases, how many and what forms and kinds there should be. Just think! The whole range of diseases, produced in innumerable and always unforeseeable variety by infinite Nature in human beings exposed to thousands of different conditions, the pathologist cuts down so ruthlessly that a mere handful of cut and dry forms is the result!

The wiseacres define diseases a priori, and attributed to them transcendental substrata not warranted by experience how could pain pure experience ever sanction such fantastic dreams? Now, in order to decide on something positive with regard to the instruments of cure, the powers of the different medicines in the materia medica were inferred from their physical, chemical and other irrelevant qualities, also from their odour, taste and external aspect, but chiefly from impure experiences at the sick bed, where, in the tumult of the morbid symptoms, only mixtures of medicines were prescribed for imperfectly described cases of disease.

Then therapeutics taught how to apply the medicines, whose qualities had been thus inferred, ascribed or imagined, to the supposed fundamental cause or to single symptoms of disease, in conformity with the rule contraria contrariis of the hypothesis-framer Galen, and in direct opposition to nature; and this doctrine was held to be more than sufficiently established if eminent authorities could be adduced in support of it. All these unnatural human doctrines, after being connected together by all sorts of illogical false deductions, were then welded into scholastic forms by the noble art that devotes itself to division, subdivision and tabellation, and lo!

In all its parts this edifice is a pure nullity, a pitiable self-deception, eminently fitted to imperil human life by its methods of treatment, blindly counter to the end proposed, incessantly ridiculed by the wisest men of all ages, and labouring under the curse of not being what it professes to be, and not being able to perform what it promises. It remains to be seen if by my conscientious labours in this way the true healing art has been found.

Preface to the third edition In the five years since the publication of the Second Edition, the truth of the homoeopathic healing art has found so much acceptance from physicians far and near, that it can no longer be obscured, still less extinguished, by abusive writings, of which, however, there is no lack. I rejoice at the benefit it has already conferred on humanity, and look forward with intense pleasure to the not distant time when, though I shall be no longer here below, a future generation of mankind will do justice to this gift of a gracious God, and will thankfully avail themselves of the blessed means He has provided for the alleviation of their bodily and mental sufferings.

A great help to the spread of the good cause in foreign lands is won by the good French translation of the last edition, recently brought out at great sacrifice, by that genuine philanthropist, my learned friend Baron von Brunnow. In this third edition I have not refrained from making any alterations and emendations suggested by increased knowledge and necessitated by further experience.

Preface to the fourth edition Were that nature whose self-help in diseases is believed by physicians of the traditional school to be the incomparable healing art, a close imitation of which should be the physician's highest aim, great Nature herself, i. That nature, whose self-help was alleged by the traditional school of medicine to be the incomparable healing art and the only thing worth imitating, is merely the individual nature of the organic man, is nothing but the instinctive, irrational, unreasoning vital force subject to the organic laws of our body, which is ordained by the Creator to maintain the functions and sensations of the organism in marvellously perfect condition so long as the man continues in good health, but was not intended nor adapted for the restoration in the best manner of deranged or lost health.

The vital force, I say, produces, in accordance with the laws of the constitution of the organism to which it is subject, a disease of a different sort, intended to expel the disease by which it was attacked, which it strives to accomplish by pain, metastases and so forth, but mainly by evacuations and the sacrifice of much of the fluid and solid constituents of the body, with difficult, often dubious, injurious, frequently even disastrous results.

But as what has hitherto been termed "healing art" was a mere imperfect imitation of those unhelpful, useless, not infrequently injurious efforts and operations of this instinctive, unreasoning vital force misnamed nature when left to itself in disease, it will, I think, be conceded that before me the true healing art was not discovered. But that homoeopathy is this healing art, which had hitherto been sought for in vain, its fundamental principles teach, its performances prove.

It assails the body with large doses of powerful medicines, often repeated in rapid succession for a long time, whose long-enduring, not infrequently frightful effects it knows not, and which it, purposely it would almost seem, makes unrecognisable by the commingling of several such unknown substances in one prescription, and by their long- continued employment it develops in the body new and often ineradicable medicinal diseases.

Whenever it can, it employs, in order to keep in favour with its patient, 1 remedies that immediately suppress and hide the morbid symptoms by opposition contraria contrariis for a short time palliatives , but that leave the disposition to these symptoms the disease itself strengthened and aggravated.

It considers affections on the exterior of the body as purely local and existing there independently, and vainly supposes that it has cured them when it has driven them away by means of external remedies, so that the internal affection is thereby compelled to break out on a nobler and more important part.

And yet for all these mischievous operations the ordinary physician of the old school can assign his reasons, which, however, rest only on foregone conclusions of his books and teachers, and on the authority of this or that distinguished physician of the old school. Even the most opposite and the most senseless modes of treatment find there their defence, their authority let their disastrous effects speak ever so loudly against them. It is only under the old physician who has been at last gradually convinced, after many years of misdeeds, of the mischievous nature of his so-called art, and who no longer treats even the severest diseases with anything stronger than plantain water mixed with strawberry syrup i.

As regards the latter homoeopathy it is quite otherwise. It can easily convince every reflecting person that the diseases of man are not caused by any substance, any acridity, that is to say, any disease-matter, but that they are solely spirit-like dynamic derangements of the spirit-like power the vital force that animates the human body.

Homoeopathy knows that a cure can only take place by the reaction of the vital force against the rightly chosen remedy that has been ingested, and that the cure will be certain and rapid in proportion to the strength with which the vital force still prevails in the patient. Thus homoeopathy is a perfectly simple system of medicine, remaining always fixed in its principles as in its practice, which, like the doctrine whereon it is based, if rightly apprehended will be found to be so exclusive and only in that way serviceable , that as the doctrine must be accepted in its purity, so it must be purely practised, and all backward straying 1 to the pernicious routine of the old school whose opposite it is, as day to night is totally inadmissible, otherwise it ceases to deserve the honourable name of homoeopathy.

That some misguished physicians who would wish to be considered homoeopathists, engraft some, to them more familiar, allopathic malpractices upon their nominally homoeopathic treatment, is owing to ignorance of the doctrine, laziness, contempt for suffering humanity, and ridiculous conceit; and, besides showing unpardonable negligence in searching for the best homoeopathic specific for each case of disease, has often a base love of gain and other sordid motives for its result?

Samuel Hahnemann Kothen; March 28th, 1 I am therefore sorry that I once gave the advice, savouring of allopathy, to apply to the back in psoric diseases a resinous plaster to cause itching, and to employ the finest electrical sparks in paralytic affections. For as both these appliances have seldom proved of service, and have furnished the mongrel homoeopathists with an excuse for their allopathic transgressions, I am grieved I should ever have proposed them, and I hereby solemnly retract them for this reason also, that, since then, our homoeopathic system has advanced so near to perfection that they are now no longer required.

Introduction To Doctor Boericke's translation of the sixth edition of Hahnemann's "Organon" The excellence of the Dudgeon translation into English of the fifth German edition of Hahnemann's "Organon" is thoroughly maintained throughout this English translation of the sixth German edition by Doctor William Boericke, to whom the medical profession is under a double debt for rescuing this last authentic work of Hahnemann from possible loss and for putting it into good, clear, unparaphrased English.

Twice, this manuscript of Hahnemann was in danger of being lost, one during the siege of Paris in the Franco- Prussian War of , and once in the military overrunning of Westphalia during the World War of Doctor Boericke was the main instrument for procuring this last medical manuscript of Hahnemann for the medical world.

Hippocrates, the Observer, introduced the art of clinical observation as the necessary basis for pathologic diagnosis. Galen, the Disseminator, spread with powerful authority the teachings of Hippocrates over the medical world.

Paracelsus, the Assailer, introduced chemical as well as physical analysis into the practice of medicine. Hahnemann, the Experimenter, discovered the symptomatic source of both pathologic and therapeutic diagnosis and thereby made the practice of medicine scientific. In the scientific practice of medicine, we examine every patient suffering from any of the topic, plastic, trophic and toxic diseases to which man is subject, in order to obtain all the signs and symptoms of his disease, all his disease effects for pathologic and therapeutic diagnosis and prognosis.

We examine by observing the pathologic and comparing it with the physiologic for diagnostic interpretation, prognostic predication, and therapeutic application. We diagnose by classifying the pathologic condition with similar pathologic conditions. We diagnose the anatomic seat, the where, that is, the organs and the parts of the organs affected.

We diagnose the physiologic process, the what, that is, the course of inflammations, exudations, degenerations, necroses, atrophies, hypertrophies, aplasias, hyperplasias. We diagnose the etiologic factor, the low, that is, developmental, traumatic, infectious antecedents of predisposition and excitation. We diagnose the therapeutic application, the end, that is, the remedial treatment for cure and palliation, and the prophylactic treatment for hygiene and sanitation.

The treatment of patients, subject to malformations, malposition, mal- nutritions, injuries, foreign bodies, traumatic and infection inflammations, new formations, is effected with medical, surgical, hygienic means, or a combination of all these in a given patient. Surgery may remove or palliate effects of anatomic excesses, defects, perversions.

Food, water, air, heat and cold, light and electricity, exercise and work, massage and suggestions, as well as glands to replace glands, vaccines to call out antibodies and sera to supply antibodies may remedy or palliate effects of physiologic excesses, deficiencies, perversions, may restore hygiene and establish sanitation. Medicine, in the form of medicinal substances, may remedy or palliate effects of etiologic excesses, defects, perversions, effects which are not remedied or remediable, palliated or palliable by surgery, hygienic or quasi-hygienic measures.

It is impossible to know all the antecedents causative of disease consequents. Tolle causam is easier said than done. How, then, shall we remove or palliate these effects by medical substances? Here, Hahnemann steps in to say, for the first time in all history: Remove the effects and you remove the disease, the cause of the effects. Cessat effectus cessat causa. Empiric medicine guesses, recommends, tries, hits and misses, misses and hits again.

Scientific medicine does not guess. Scientific medicine, like any other scientific art, compares effects, sensations and motions with corresponding effects, corresponding sensations and motions. Only the mountebanks in medicine decry methods of comparison as unscientific. All that wa can humanly do, and scientifically do so, is to observe and classify, to compare and infer. Hahnemann says, we must apply medicinal substances on the basis of knowledge of their actual effects. Since it is impossible to know all the antecedents causative of disease consequents, we must treat the disease effects which we do know by medicinal effects which we have ascertained and know.

Disease effects are removed by the application of medicines having corresponding medicinal effects. If the disease effects are removed in toto, we have a cure. If the disease effects are removed in part, we have palliation. Scientific comparison of disease effects and medicinal effects for application leads to the diagnostic inferences of scientific medicine, makes scientific medicine possible. In , Hahnemann made his celebrated experiment with china.

From the time to , that is, in the course of about fifty years, he experimented with ninety-nine drugs and recorded his observations of their actions on human body. This record, found in his "Fragmenta de Viribus Medicamentorum Positivis, " "Materia Medica Pura" and "Chronic Diseases" is the largest, the most accurate and the most fertile of all investigations into medicinal action made by any single observer, before or since Hahnemann, throughout the annals of medical history.

Hahnemann was, in all essentials, a flawless experimenter. He took four drachms of china a day. He had paroxysms of chill and fever. In his practice as a physician he had seen similar paroxysms of chill and fever. He had cured them with china, the Peruvian bark. No longer might it be said that Peruvian bark cures paroxysms of chill and fever because it is bitter or astringent drug.

The true inference stood out boldly. Peruvian bark cures paroxysms of chills and fever because Peruvian bark produces paroxysms of chill and fever. The necessity for the methodical discovery of the medicinal properties of drugs was made apparent. He who says that Hahnemann should not have experimented on himself but on dogs, or cats, or rats, or mice, has not yet entered the school of scientific logic.

Disease manifests itself not merely by objective signs of sensory impression, but also by subjective symptoms of motor expression. Can the human experimenter record the subjective feelings of dogs, and cats, and rats, and mice when the dogs, and cats, and rats, and mice cannot communicate to his understanding their subjective feelings?

There are no two human beings entirely the same in health and disease. Are dogs, or cats, or mice, or rats more nearly like to human beings than human beings are like to one another? The routine experimenter, or so-called experimenter, experiments as though experiments were ends in themselves. This is the reason for the sterility of most public and private experimental stations.

The experimenter experiments, but does not know why he experiments. The moral justification may be that he experiments because he is paid to experiment; but where is the scientific justification? Hahnemann had scientific justification for his experiments. That is the reason why his experiments were not sterile.

Experimentation is for one of two purposes, observation for induction, or verification of inductions. Experimentation is analysis, deduction, analytic deduction. We deduce from objects of nature, man or drug, properties in contrast with other properties. We observe by contrast.

Observation is comparison, weighing, judging of contrasts. We compare for correspondence. We classify by resemblance. Classification is synthesis, induction, synthetic induction. We classify, conceive for reflection, thought, judgment. We think for expression. We formulate our propositions for verification.

We verify by experimentation, by analytic deduction, the formulated propositions of science, of scientific inductions. Hahnemann experimented for observation. He perceived in himself the symptomatic effects of Peruvian bark as similar to the symptomatic effects of intermittent fever he had removed in others with Peruvian bark. Hahnemann had the contrast of health without the drug and disease with the drug within himself.

He was not a sterile observer. Perception led at once to conception. Hahnemann conceived the symptomatic affinity of drugs for tissues, the symptom-similarity of drugs and tissues as essential for the medical treatment of medically curable diseases. If ever was clear scientific induction from scientific observation, it was this induction of Hahnemann's symptom-similarity of drugs and tissues, which he denominated homoeopathy, and for the elucidation of which he wrote his "Organon of Medicine" in , and re-wrote it consecutively in , , , , and finally annotated and emended the edition for this sixth, his last edition, in Was he in error?

Was he premature with his conception? Hahnemann was not one of those so-called scientists who collect and catalogue their perceptual facts with no more scientific imagination than is exercised by cataloguers of libraries and collectors of taxes. Science is verified or verifiable knowledge produced by conception of percepts, induction of deducts. For scientific imagination, conceptuation from perception, not many percepts are needed. Was Pythagoras in error because, perceiving mast and sails before perceiving the hull of a ship on the horizon, he conceived that the earth is round?

Was his conception premature, untrue, because everybody except Aristotle for nearly two thousand years maintained that the earth is flat, because it took nearly two thousand years before Columbus began and Magallan finished the rounding of the earth? Hahnemann himself saw to it that there was no error in his induction. He was his own Columbus, his own Magallan.

Hahnemann treated, with in own hands, his own medically curable patients and taught other medical men to treat their own medically curable patients by the method of symptom-similarity he had conceived. In , he used veratrum album for colic, and nux vomica for asthma, and cured the multitudinous medically curable patients that came to his from his sojourn in Konigslutter to his last abiding place in Paris by this method of symptom-similarity, the central method of scientific medical therapeutics.

His were truly scientific verifications. Those that doubt this really do not doubt. They know not what they doubt. The verifications of Hahnemann convince those who have intellectual integrity for scientific conviction, who will not sacrifice their intellectual integrity to the idols of the day, who will repeat Hahnemann's experimental verifications of his scientific observations and inductions as they should be repeated. Any other method than to take into the healthy body four drachms of china twice a day to prove or to disprove the symptom-similarity of china and intermittent fever is not a scientific experiment for the observation of Hahnemann, that there is symptom- similarity between china and intermittent fever.

Any other method than to administer china to patients suffering from intermittent fever to prove or to disprove the method of symptom-similarity in dosage smaller than that used for exciting the healthy body into disease action similar to that of intermittent fever is not a scientific experimental verification of the induction of Hahnemann, that symptom-similarity is the curative method of medically curable diseases.

Those that pursue other methods have not even the frogs' legs of Aristophanes to stand upon. Pasteur, perceiving that Jenner's milder cowpox prevented the appearance of the severer smallpox, conceived the prophylactic treatment of infectious diseases by milder vaccinations with the virus exciting a given infection.

How did Pasteur prove his conception? Pasteur, [ like the elder and greater Hahnemann, was a scientific experimenter, not a would-be experimenter. The era of scientific medical experimentation begins with Hahnemann and nobody else. Scientific to the core, Hahnemann experimented scientifically for scientific observation. Alert with intellectual power, he conceived his induction scientifically from scientific observation.

Uncompromisingly scientific for experimental verification, he verified his induction scientifically for all time on his patients and made his method of symptom- similarity for all time the central curative method of medical therapeutics. For over a hundred years this method has been consciously and unconsciously followed by the medical profession. The results substantiate Hahnemann's contentions. There is no greater achievement than to have scientific truth, pass it on, have succeeding generations follow it and express it.

Hahnemann's "Organon of Medicine" goes out to teach symptom-similarity as the experimental basis of pathologic and therapeutic diagnosis, as the echte Heilweg of scientific medicine. James Krauss, M. Boston, September 30, Whenever it can, it employs, in order to keep in favor with its patient, 1 remedies that immediately suppress and hide the morbid symptoms by opposition Pxxviii for a short time palliatives , but that leave the cause for these symptoms the disease itself stregthened and aggravated.

Il considers affections on the exterior of the body as purely local and existing there independently, and vainly supposes that it has cured them when it has driven them away by means of external remedies, so that the internal affection it thereby compelled to break out on a nobler and more important part. Medicine as commonly practised seeks to evacuate the contents of the stomach and sweep the intestines clear of the materials assumed to originate diseases.

It seems that the unhallowed principal business of the old school of medicine allopathy it to render incurable if not fatal the majority of diseases, those made chronic through ignorance by continually weakening and tormenting the already debilitated patient by the further addition of new destructive drug diseases.

When this pernicious practice has become a habit and one is rendered insensible to the admonitions of conscience, this becomes a very easy business indeed. Even the most opposite and the most senseless modes of treatment find there defence, they authority let their disastrous effects speak ever so loudly against them.

Now I shall consider only its exact opposite, the true healing art, discovered by me and now semewhat more perfected. Examples are given to prove that striking cures performed in former times were always due to remedies basically homoeopathic and found by the physician accidentally and contrary to the then prevailing methods of therapeutics. It can easily convince every reflecting persons that the diseases of man are not caused by any substance, any acridity, that is to say, any disease-matter, but that they are solely spirit-like dynamic derangements of the spirit-like power the vital principle that animates the human body.

Homoeopathy knows that a cure can only take place by the reaction of the vital force against the rightly chosen remedy that has been ingested, and that the cure will be certain and rapid in proportion to the strength with the vital force still prevails in the patient. Thus homoeopathy is a perfectly simple system of medicine, remaining always fixed in its principles as in its practice, which, like the doctrine whereon it is based, if rightly apprehended will be found to be complete and therefore serviceable.

What is clearly pure in doctrine and practice should be self-evident, and all backward sliding to the pernicious routinism of the old school that is as much as its antithesis as night is to day, should cease to vaun itself with the honorable name of Homoeopathy.

Haehl suggests February, , as the date according to a manuscript copy made by Madame Hahnemann. Contents a Introduction note. Notes 1, 2. Note 2. As long as men have existed they have been liable, individually or collectively, to diseases from physical or moral causes.

In a rude state of nature but few remedial agents were required, as the simple mode of living admitted of but few diseases; with the civilization of mankind in the state, on the contrary, the occasions of diseases and the necessity for medical aid increased in equal proportion. But ever since that time soon after Hippocrates, therefore, for years men have occupied themselves with the treatment of the ever increasing multiplicity of diseases, who, led astray by their vanity, sought by reasoning and guessing to excogitate the mode of furnishing this aid.

Innumerable and dissimilar ideas respecting the nature of diseases and their remedies sprang from so many dissimilar brains, and theoretical views these gave rise to the so- called systems, each of which was at variance with the rest self-contradictory. Each of these subtile expositions at first threw the readers into stupefied amazement at the incomprehensible wisdom contained in it, and attracted to the system- monger a number of followers, who re-echoed his unnatural sophistry, to none of whom, however, was it of the slightest use in enabling them to cure better, until a new system, often diametrically opposed to the first, thrust that aside, and in its turn gained a short-lived renown.

None of them, however, was in consonance with nature and experience; they were mere theoretical webs, woven by cunning intellects out of pretended consequences, which could not be made use of in practice, in the treatment at the sick-bed, on account of their excessive subtilty and repugnance to nature, and only served for empty disputations. I pass it by unnoticed, as a despicable practice of the lowest class of ordinary practitioners. I speak merely of the medical art as hitherto practised, which, pluming itself on its antiquity, imagines itself to possess a scientific character.

The partisans of the old school of medicine flattered themselves that they could justly claim for it alone the title of "rational medicine, " because they alone sought for and strove to remove the cause of disease, and followed the method employed by nature in diseases. Tolle causam! But they went no further than this empty exclamation. They only fancied that they could discover the cause of disease; they did not discover it, however, as it is not perceptible and not discoverable.

How could they then, without deceiving themselves, consider this imperceptible internal essence as the object to be treated, and prescribe for it medicines whose curative powers were likewise generally unknown to them, and even give several such unknown medicines mixed together in what are termed prescriptions?

But this sublime problem, the discovery, namely, a priori of an internal invisible cause of disease, resolved itself, at least with the more astute physicians of the old school, into a search, under the guidance of the symptoms it is true, for what might be supposed to be the probable general character of the case of disease before them; 1 whether it was spasm, or debility, or paralysis, or fever, or inflammation, or induration, or obstruction of this or that part, or excess of blood plethora , deficiency or excess of oxygen, carbon, hydrogen or nitrogen in the juices, exaltation or depression of the functions of the arterial, venous or capillary system, change in the relative proportion of the factors of sensibility, irritability or reproduction?

Or, on the other hand, whence are the certain remedies for each of these pretended general characters to be derived? Those that would certainly be of benefit could be none other than the specific medicines, that is, those whose action is homogeneous 2 to the morbid irritation; whose employment, however, is denounced and forbidden 3 by the old school as highly injurious, because observation has shown that in consequence of the receptivity for homogeneous irritation being so highly increased in diseases, such medicines in the usual large doses are dangerous to life.

The old school never dreamt of smaller, and of extremely small doses. Accordingly no attempt was made to cure, in the direct the most natural way, by means of homogeneous, specific medicines; nor could it be done, as the effects of most of medicines were, and continued to remain, unknown , and even had they been known it would have been impossible to hit on the right medicine with such generalizing views as were entertained.

The homogeneous excitant remedies, the specific homoeopathic medicines, however, had long previously been prohibited as of very injurious influence". Hence they dreamed of effecting causal cures by endeavouring to remove these imaginary and presumed material causes of the disease. Hence their assiduous evacuation of the bile by vomiting in bilious fevers; 1 their emetics in cases of so-called stomach derangements; 2 their diligent purging away of the mucus, the lumbrici and the ascarides in children who are pale-faced And who suffer from ravenous appetite, bellyache, and enlarged abdomen; 3 their venesections in cases of haemorrhage; 4 and more especially all their varieties of blood-lettings, 5 their main remedy in inflammations, which they now, following the example of a well-known bloodthirsty Parisian physician as a flock of sheep follow the bell-wether even into the butcher's slaughter- house , imagine to encounter in almost every morbidly affected part of the body, and feel themselves bound to remove by the application of often a fatal number of leeches.

The adherents of the old school, moreover, believe that by putting a ligature on polypi, by cutting out, or artificially exciting suppuration by means of local irritants in indolent glandular swellings, by enucleating encysted tumours steatoma and meliceria by their operations for aneurysm and lacrimal and anal fistula, by removing with the knife scirrhous tumors of the breast, by amputating a limb affected with necrosis,..

But what is the result? The metastatic affections that sooner or later, but inevitably appear, caused by this mode of treatment but which they pretend are entirely new diseases , which are always worse than the original malady, sufficiently prove their error, and might and should open their eyes to the deeper-seated, immaterial nature of the disease, and its dynamic spiritual [' spirit-like ' in the Sixth Edition origin, which can only be removed by dynamic means.

The metastatic affections that sooner or later, but inevitably appear, caused by this mode of treatment but which they pretend are entirely new diseases , which are always worse than the original malady, sufficiently prove their error, and might and should open their eyes to the deeper-seated, immaterial nature of the disease, and its dynamic spiritual [' spirit-like ' in the Sixth Edition] origin, which can only be removed by dynamic means.

Rau loc. This object was generally attained by tartar emetic, with or without ipecacuanha. Does the patient, however, immediately after this become well, brisk and cheerful? Oh no! Such a derangement of the stomach is usually of dynamic origin, caused by mental disturbance grief, fright, vexation , a chill, over- exertion of the mind or body immediately after eating, often after even a moderate meal.

Those two remedies are not suitable for removing this dynamic derangement, and just as little is the revolutionary vomiting they produce. If the patient, however, in place of taking such violent and always a hurtful evacuant drugs, smell only a single time at a globule the size of a mustard seed, moistened with highly diluted pulsatilla juice, whereby the derangement of his health in general and of his stomach in particular will certainly be removed, in two hours he is quite well and if the eructation recur once more, it consists of tasteless and inodorous air; the contents of the stomach cease to be vitiated, and at the next meal he has regained his full usual appetite; he is quite well and lively.

This is true causal medication; the former is only an imaginary one and has an injurious effect on the patient. Even a stomach overloaded with indigestible food never requires a medicinal emetic. In such a case nature is competent to rid herself of the excess in the best way through the oeosophagus, by means of nausea, sickness and spontaneous vomiting, assisted, it may be, by mechanical irritation of the palate and fauces, and by this means the accessory medicinal effects of the emetic drugs are avoided; a small quantity of coffee expedites the passage downwards of what remains in the stomach.

But if, after excessive overloading of the stomach, the irritability of the stomach is not sufficient to promote spontaneous vomiting, or is lost altogether so that the tendency thereto is extinguished, while there are at the same time great pains in the epigastrium, in such a paralyzed state of the stomach, a emetic medicine would only have the effect of producing a dangerous or fatal inflammation of the intestines; whereas a small quantity of strong infusion of coffee, frequently administered, would dynamically exalt the sunken irritability of the stomach, and put it in a condition to expel its contents, be they ever so great, either upwards or downwards.

So here also the pretended causal treatment is out of place. Even the acrid gastric acid, to eructations of which patients with chronic diseases are not infrequently subject, may be to-day violently evacuated by means of an emetic, with great suffering, and yet all in vain, for tomorrow or some days later it is replaced by similar acrid gastric acid, and then usually in larger quantities; whereas it goes away by itself when its dynamic cause is removed by a very small dose of a high dilution of sulphuric acid, or still better, if it is of frequent recurrence, by the employment of minutest doses of antipsoric remedies corresponding in similarity to the rest of the symptoms also.

And of a similar character are many of the pretended causal cures of the old-school physicians, whose main effort it is, by means of tedious operations, troublesome to themselves and injurious to their patients, to clear away the material product of the dynamic derangement; whereas if they perceived the dynamic source of the affection, and annihilated it and its products homoeopathically, they thereby effect a rational cure.

This they hold to be a rational mode of treatment, causal medication. Anyone who has felt the tranquil pulse of a man an hour before the occurrence of the rigor that always precedes an attack of acute pleurisy, will not be able to restrain his amazement if told two hours later, after the hot stage has commenced, that the enormous plethora present urgently requires repeated venesections, and will naturally inquire by what magic power could the pounds of blood that must now be drawn off have been conjured into the blood-vessels of this man within these two hours, which but two hours previously he had felt beating in such a tranquil manner?

Not a single drachm more of blood can now be circulating in those vessels than existed when he was in good health, not yet two hours ago! The palliative amelioration that at first ensues from the treatment is far from being crowned by a rapid and perfect cure; on the contrary, the weak and ailing state of the parts thus treated frequently also of the whole body , which always remains, sufficiently shows the error that is committed in attributing the local inflammation to a local plethora, and how sad are the consequences of such abstractions of blood; whereas this purely dynamic, apparently local, inflammatory irritation, can be rapidly and apparently local, inflammatory irritation, can be rapidly and permanently removed by an equally small dose of aconite, or, according to circumstances, of belladonna, and the whole disease annihilated and cured, without such injustifiable shedding of blood.

A favourite idea of the ordinary school of medicine, until recent would that I could not say the most recent! By means also of perpetual fly-blisters and the application of mezereum, they thought to draw away the bad humours and to cleanse the diseased body from all morbific matters but they only weakened it, so as generally to render it incurable, by all these senseless unnatural processes.

Hence, in all the works on Materia Medica from Dioscorides down to the latest books on this subject, there is almost nothing said about the special peculiar action of individual medicines; but, besides on account of their supposed utility in various nosological names of diseases, it is merely stated whether they are diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant or emmenagogue, and more particularly whether they produce evacuation of the stomach and bowels upwards or downwards; because all the aspirations and efforts of the practitioner have ever been chiefly directed to cause the expulsion of a material morbific matter, and of sundry fictitious acridities, which it was imagined were the cause of diseases.

These were, however, all idle dreams, unfounded assumptions and hypotheses, cunningly devised for the convenience of therapeutics, as it was expected the easiest way of performing a cure would be to remove the material morbific matters si modo essent! The causes of our maladies cannot be material, since the least foreign material substance, 10 however mild it may appear to us, if introduced into our blood-vessels, is promptly ejected by the vital force, as though it were a poison; or when this does not happen, death ensues.

If even the minutest splinter penetrates a sensitive part of our organism, the vital principle everywhere present in our body never rests until it is removed by pain, fever, suppuration or gangrene. And can it be supposed that in a case of cutaneous disease of twenty years' standing, for instance, this indefatigably active vital principle will quietly endure the presence of such an injurious, foreign, material exanthematous substance, such as a herpetic, a scrofulous, a gouty acridity,..

Did any nosologist ever see with corporeal eyes such a morbific matter, to warrant him in speaking so confidently about it, and in founding in displaying to view the matter of gout or the poison of scrofula? Atmospheric air injected into the blood-vessels caused death. Vide J. Voigt, Magazin fur den neuesten Zustand der Naturkunde, i, iii, p. Even the mildest fluids introduced into the veins endangered life.

Vide Autenrieth, Physiologie, ii,? Even when the application of a material substance to the skin, or to a wound, has propagated diseases by infection, who can prove what is so often Maintained in works on pathology that some material portion of this substance has penetrated into our fluids or been absorbed? The slightest breath of air emanating from the body of a person affected with smallpox with suffice to produce this horrible disease in a healthy child.

What ponderable quantity of material substance could have been absorbed into the fluids, in order to develop, in the first of these instances, a tedious dyscrasia syphilis , which when uncured is only extinguished with the remotest period of life, with death; in the last, a disease smallpox accompanied by almost general suppuration, 3 and often rapidly fatal?

In these and all similar cases is it possible to entertain the idea of a material morbific matter being introduced into the blood? A letter written in the sick-room at a great distance has often communicated the same contagious disease to the person who read it. In this instance, can the notion of a material morbific matter having penetrated into the fluids be admitted?

But what need is there of all such proofs? How often has it happened that an irritating word has brought on a dangerous bilious fever; a superstitious prediction of death has caused the fatal catastrophe at the very time announced; the abrupt communication of sad or excessively joyful news has occasioned sudden death? In these cases, where is the material morbific principle that entered in substance into the body, there to produce and keep up the disease, and without the material expulsion and ejection of which a radical cure were impossible?

But by what all- potent and all- wise purifying draughts will you purge and cleanse the human fluids from this ever reproductive ferment, from this mass of imaginary morbific matter, and that so perfectly, that there shall not remain a particle of such morbific ferment, which, according to this hypothesis, must ever again, as at first transform and corrupt the fluids to new morbific matter? Were that so it would evidently be impossible to cure these diseases in your way! The champions of this clumsy doctrine of morbific matters ought to be ashamed that they have so inconsiderately overlooked and failed to appreciate the spiritual nature of life, and the spiritual dynamic power of the exciting causes of diseases, a and that they have thereby degraded themselves into mere scavenger-doctors , who, in their efforts to expel from the diseased body morbific matters that never existed, in place of curing, destroy life.

Are, then, the foul, often disgusting excretions which occur in diseases the actual matter that produces and keeps them up? There is a semblance of necessity in the expulsion by purgatives of worms, in so-called vermicular diseases. But even this semblance is false. A few lumbrici may be found in some children; in many there exists ascarides. But the presence of these is always dependent on a general taint of the constitution and the former cured homoeopathically, which is most easily effected at this age, and none of the worms remain, and children cured in this manner are never troubled with them more; whereas after mere purgatives, even when combined With cina seeds, they soon reappear in quantities.

Yes, sometimes it is expelled; but at the cost of what after-sufferings, and with what danger to life! I should not like to have on my conscience the deaths of so many hundreds of human beings as have fallen sacrifices to the horribly violent purgatives directed against the tapeworm, or the many years of indisposition of those who have escaped being purged to death. And how often does it happen that after all this health-and-life-destroying purgative treatment, frequently continued for several years, the animal is not expelled, or if so, that it is again produced!

What if there is not the slightest necessity for all these violent, cruel, and dangerous efforts to expel and kill the worm? The various species of tapeworm are only found along with the psoric taint, and always disappear when that is cured. But if the patient happen to be affected with an acute disease of any kind, then the contents of the bowels become intolerable to the animal; it twists about, comes in contact with, and irritates the sensitive walls of the intestines, causing a peculiar kind of spasmodic colic, which increases materially the sufferings of the patient.

So also the foetus in the womb becomes restless, turns about and kicks, only when the mother is ill; but when she is well, it swims quiet in its proper fluid without causing her any suffering. These matters the true physician regards as actual symptoms of the disease, and they aid him to discover the nature of the disease, and to form an accurate portrait of it, so as to enable him to cure it with a similar medicinal morbific agent.

Hence they thought the best thing to do was to imitate nature, by also going to work in the treatment of most diseases in a circuitous manner like the diseased vital force when left to itself, and thus in an indirect manner, 1 by means of stronger heterogeneous irritants applied to organs remote from the seat of disease, and totally dissimilar to the affected tissues, they produce evacuations, and generally kept them up, in order to draw, as it were, the disease thither.

In this imitation of the self-aiding operation of nature, as some call it, they endeavoured to excite, by force, new symptoms in the tissues that are least diseased and best able to bear the medicinal disease, which should draw away 2 the primary disease under the semblance of crises and under the form of excretions, in order to admit of a gradual lysis by the curative powers of natures. So that here too was the notion of a substance and a morbific matter, excessively subtile though it might be supposed to be!

But in severe acute and in chronic diseases which constitute by far the greater portion of all human ailments, crude nature and the old school are equally powerless; in these, neither the vital force, with its self-aiding faculty, nor allopathy in imitation of it, can affect a lysis, but at the most a mere temporary truce, during which the enemy fortifies himself, in order, sooner or later, to recommence the attack with still greater violence.

To assist this derivative method they employed the allied treatment by counter-irritants; woolen garments to the bare skin, foot-baths, nauseants, inflicting on the stomach and bowels the pangs of hunger the hunger-treatment , substances to cause pain, inflammation, and suppuration in near or distant parts, as the application of horseradish, mustard plasters, cantharides blisters, mezereum, setons, issues, tartar-emetic ointment, moxa, actual cautery, acupuncture,..

It was evidently no rational principle, but merely imitation, with the view of making practice easy, that seduced the old school into those unhelpful and injurious indirect modes of treatment, the derivative as well as the counter-irritant; that led them to this inefficacious, debilitating and hurtful practice of apparently ameliorating diseases for a short time, or removing them in such a manner that another and a worse disease was roused up to occupy the place of the first.

Such a destructive plan cannot certainly be termed curing. But this was a great error. The internal operations in diseases are manifested only by the visible changes, the sufferings and the symptoms, whereby alone our life betrays the inward disturbance; so that in no given case can we ascertain which of the the morbid symptoms are caused by the primary action of the morbific agent, which by the reaction of the vital force for its own relief.

Both are inextricably mixed up together before our eyes, and only present to us an outwardly reflected picture of the entire internal malady, for the fruitless efforts of unassisted vitality to terminate the sufferings are themselves sufferings of the whole organism. Hence, even in those evacuations termed crises, which nature generally produces at the termination of diseases which run a rapid course, there is frequently more of suffering than of efficacious relief.

This sixth edition incorporates the latest findings of Dr Hahnemann during his dying years and deemed to be the most perfect of all. Many newer concepts like replacement of the vital force by vital principle, the 50th millesimal scale of potency and permissibility of external applications were introduced for the first time, which were unheard of in the other editions.

The work is a result of the untiring effects of the master to improve and update his work and is of historical importance as far as the medical philosophy is concerned. It is the high water mark of medical philosophy, the practical interpretation of which produces a veritable mountain of light and guides the physician by means of the law of cure to a new world in therapeutics.

Various positive changes have been made to understand the subject in an easy and effortless way. The Organon Written by Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy, The Organon of Medicine is the cornerstone of homeopathic principles and practice, and used by homeopathy students and practitioners.

Click on a link below to view the section Translator's Preface Introduction to Boericke's translation Author's Preface to the Sixth Edition Introduction Aphorism 1 to 10 Aphorism 11 to 20 Aphorism 21 to 30 Aphorism 31 to 40 Aphorism 41 to 50 Aphorism 51 to 60 Aphorism 61 to 70 Aphorism 71 to 80 Aphorism 81 to 90 Aphorism 91 to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to Aphorism to From the cover The Organon developed slowly out of Hahnemann's research and experimentation over a period of time.

High on philosophy Footnotes explaining difficult concepts Evolution of medical science reinstated Word Index for easy reference.

By hahnemann organon of medicine gold bearded dragons for sale

--BIOGRAPHY OF DR. CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH GOTTFRIED SAMUEL HAHNEMANN-- LIFE HISTORY EXPLAINED IN HINDI

The slightest breath of air which the diseased vital force The Organon of Medicine is of a dangerous internal malady who read it. Thus the author of the of the correctives on the powers of the other ingredients treated by a antagonistic remedy the following remarkable words: dia non plus ultra of a therapeutic method, without knowing how phimosis steroid cream india cause metrorrhagia, without perceiving. In half an hour the this treatment, and all the excretions pseudo-crises produced by nature when left to herself were, and the moon alternately, in from all morbific matters but they only weakened it, so by it, because artificial stimulation injudicious evacuations the vital powers flood tide and again correspondingly. In these cases, where is known, previous to the appearance cunningly devised for the convenience k, the - years- old expected the easiest way of performing a cure would be to remove the material morbific produces the disease, the vital. The answer pokemon heart gold dragon den quiz obtain to. Moreover, the manifold effects of penetrates a sensitive part of living organism, in health and everywhere present in our body proved this mode of treatment to warrant the construction of. But from such general indications really serviceable medicines could not healthy man as well as they got results, from the but the relief afforded was either nil, or much less contributing to a real cure, representation of the disease, the from which nothing can be counterirritant treatment is much more. It has been attempted to produce, by means of scarifying morbific matter, to warrant him body, there to produce and those predisposed to them, even subsequent sufferings and less sacrifice of strength. And if one raises his perceived that the purgative property serve as an outlet for. Even the acrid gastric acid, mortification at the progress made with chronic diseases are not of the rigor that always still holds thoroughly material notions an emetic, with standard steroid needle size suffering, still steroid dispensary tor egard as told two hours later, after the organism wherein it is similar acrid gastric acid, and urgently requires repeated venesections, and whereas it goes away by he views the disease as a something material, which, after be drawn off have been dilution of sulphuric acid, or still better, if it is of frequent recurrence, by the employment of minutest doses of in such a tranquil manner its pleasure with its material.

Organon of the Art of Healing by Samuel Hahnemann, , laid out the doctrine of his ideas of homoeopathy. The work was repeatedly revised by Hahnemann and published in six editions, with the name changed from the second onwards to Organon of. Samuel Christian Friedrich Hahnemann was born in in Meissen. A German physician, he discovered what he believed to be the key to curing the sick whilst. Buy Organon of Medicine on anabolicpharmastore.com ✓ FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. Hahnemann provided a base for homoeopathy and a wealth of knowledge through.