It is needed to develop and maintain male sex characteristics, such as facial hair, deep voice, and muscle growth. Women do have some testosterone in their bodies, but in much smaller amounts. Health care providers use anabolic steroids to treat some hormone problems in men, delayed puberty , and muscle loss from some diseases. But some people misuse anabolic steroids. Some bodybuilders and athletes use anabolic steroids to build muscles and improve athletic performance. They may take the steroids orally, inject them into muscles, or apply them to the skin as a gel or cream.
These doses may be 10 to times higher than doses used to treat medical conditions. Using them this way, without a prescription from a health care provider, is not legal or safe. Misuse of anabolic steroids, especially over a long period of time, has been linked to many health problems, including. Even though they don't cause a high, anabolic steroids can be addictive.
You can have withdrawal symptoms if you stop using them, including. The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Specifically, breast size and body fat decrease, the skin becomes coarse, and the voice deepens.
It is commonly believed that anabolic steroids will produce irreversible enlargement of the clitoris in females, although there are no studies on this. Many people who inject anabolic steroids may use nonsterile injection techniques or share contaminated needles with other users.
This puts these steroid users at risk for acquiring life threatening viral infections, such as HIV and hepatitis B and C. Steroid misuse has been associated with liver damage, 50,51 tumors, 46,52,53 and a rare condition called peliosis hepatis, in which blood-filled cysts form in the liver. Rising levels of testosterone and other sex hormones normally trigger the growth spurt that occurs during puberty and adolescence.
These rising levels of testosterone also provide the signals to stop growth. Evidence suggests that weightlifters who misuse anabolic steroids have stiffer tendons, which could lead to an increased risk for tendon injury. Steroid misuse can cause acne, 70—72 hair loss on the head, cysts, and oily hair and skin. Anabolic steroids can also produce jaundice, or yellowing of the skin or eyes, as a result of damage to the liver.
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