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From part of the guide:. Bro, can i ask? Atlantica Indonesia now hv caps If someone is Lvthey should get a higher quality box, but that is all dependent on if the developers of AO Indonesia actually made that change.

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Laws on steroids in australia

If the police can prove that the offender was on steroids, even if they are not intoxicated by alcohol, the minimum sentences for the one-punch assaults apply. Its director, solicitor advocate Marc Riviere, deals exclusively in Criminal Law. Element Suite 4. T 02 F 02 Criminal Offences Involving Steroids April 9, Criminal Offences Involving Steroids I thought this was important for people to understand this change in legislation, particularly in light of those getting fit during the coronavirus.

Change of legislation Are you aware of the Government announcement introducing laws to target steroid use and supply as well as steroid-related violence? Read more. September 6, Celebrating 10 Years Read more. Pregnant women who use steroids risk passing on male traits to unborn daughters due to the increased male hormones in their bloodstream.

The only way to avoid the risk of fetal damage is to stop using steroids at least 4 months before falling pregnant, as well as during pregnancy. Young men are more likely than young women to use steroids to gain weight and muscle mass.

Injecting steroids can cause permanent nerve damage, which can lead to sciatica. Anabolic steroids do not cause physical dependence but people can find themselves relying on them to build confidence and self-esteem.

Fear of losing muscle size or definition can lead to depression and the pressure to continue use. Steroids should only be injected with a prescription for a specific medical reason or under medical supervision.

Injecting more than the recommended dose does not create larger muscles — the muscle simply becomes saturated. Higher doses only raise the risks of more adverse side effects without providing any additional benefits. It is not necessary to inject directly into specific muscles as the steroids are transported to all muscle groups via the bloodstream. There are many steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of harm caused by long-term steroid use.

These include:. It is illegal to manufacture, import, possess, use or supply anabolic steroids without a prescription or medical practitioner licence. The penalties for illegally administering steroids varies for every Australian state and territory.

It is also against the law to inject another person with steroids, or for them to be self-administered without a prescription. Steroid use is banned in competitive sport. Testing positive for steroids can result in fines, suspensions or permanent bans.

Drug List Drug Wheel. Anabolic steroids. Last published: July 16, Print. What are anabolic steroids? Anabolic steroids can be injected or taken as a tablet. Other names Roids, gear or juice. Anabolic Steroids Fact sheet Who uses anabolic steroids and why?

People concerned about their body image — recreational weight trainers and body builders and people working in the fashion and entertainment industries. Body building professionals — people involved in body building as a competitive sport.

People who need muscle strength to do their job — bodyguards, security personal, construction workers, police and members of the armed services. Young men — who want to increase their athletic performance or who are striving to reach the same physical appearance that is often portrayed in the media. This can include three different methods, including: Cycling — periods of use followed by equivalent periods of abstinence. Pyramiding — periods of use where the amount is gradually increased to a peak, and then tapered down.

The following may be experienced: water retention — leading to facial bloating acne — leading to permanent scarring irritability and mood swings more frequent colds aggression and violence increased sex drive sleeping difficulties. Read more about withdrawal. Health and safety Steroids should only be injected with a prescription for a specific medical reason or under medical supervision.

These include: using lower doses to reduce the risk of side effects never injecting anabolic steroids directly into biceps, calf muscles or pectorals, to avoid causing permanent nerve damage avoiding repeatedly injecting steroids into the same area of the body limiting cycles to 8 to 10 weeks to rest the kidneys, liver and endocrine system avoiding sharing injecting equipment with others to reduce the risk of contracting a blood-borne virus such as HIV or Hepatitis C using a needle from an unopened package with every injection avoiding combining steroids with diuretics such as caffeine, alcohol and other drugs like amphetamines such as ice and speed injecting anabolic steroids in a sterile location discussing anabolic steroid use with a doctor, even if it is without a prescription discussing the perceived need to take anabolic steroids with a counsellor.

Search support services. Medical practitioners can only prescribe steroids for legitimate medical reasons. According to the Australian Crime Commission the number of steroid seizures at our borders has decreased 2. Anabolic steroid use and body image psychopathology in men: delineating between appearance-versus performance-driven motivations.

Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Abuse NIoD. Drugs and Drug Abuse. Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation; Eustice C. Sydney: The Kirby Institute; Physical effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids in healthy exercising adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Journal of Current Sports Medicine Reports. Understanding performance and image-enhancing drug injecting to improve health and minimise hepatitis C transmission: Findings and recommendations from a national qualitative project. Anabolic steroids and cardiovascular risk.


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However, using auxiliary drugs, you can avoid all these problems. Orders are delivered by mail. It is obvious that in the current situation, we are forced to work on a percent prepayment. Delivery of orders is carried out in any city in Australia in a period of 3 to 10 days.

Today in the market of sports pharmacology there is fierce competition. Every dealer has to take care of its reputation, which is very difficult to earn. You can get acquainted with our guarantees on a special page of the site. If you do not have enough experience in the use of sports pharmacology, then you probably have a lot of questions.

Answers can be easily obtained from our managers. They all played sports or continue to do it professionally. For them, in this area there are no secrets left. Each athlete can get in our store a free highly qualified online consultation. Skip to content. Add to cart. It was also prescribed by Sigmund Freud as a cure for alcohol and opium dependence. In medical practice, synthetics such as novocaine and xylocaine have largely replaced natural cocaine.

Cocaine is a stimulant and comes in a variety of forms, but in Australia it is most commonly available as a white powder cocaine hydrochloride. When used recreationally cocaine powder is usually inhaled. However, it is also sometimes injected, smoked or drunk. It produces euphoria, enhances sensation and heightens confidence in mental and physical powers.

There is some dispute about whether cocaine use can lead to physical dependence. However, there is agreement that it can produce psychological dependence and, in chronic users:. Crack cocaine is made from cocaine powder, baking powder and water and is smoked by users.

Its cost per unit is generally lower than cocaine powder and it produces a rapid and intense 'high. There is little evidence of crack cocaine in Australia. In , the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence reported that there had been no seizures of crack by law enforcement agencies in Australia and 'no incidence of "crack" availability' in either or Prices of illicit drugs may vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and according to quality.

Cannabis is the most frequently used illicit drug in Australia. In December , a survey of some 1, Australians was conducted. Another larger sample obtained at the same time produced somewhat lower figures. Thirty-four per cent of the sample reported having used cannabis at some time in their lives. The survey found that 31 per cent of those sampled who were aged over 14 years had tried cannabis at some time. According to recent national surveys, lifetime and recent use of cannabis is highest in the Northern Territory and lowest in Queensland.

In South Australia, which introduced legislation decriminalising minor cannabis offences in , and the ACT which introduced similar legislation in , lifetime and recent use of cannabis appears not to be significantly different to that in other jurisdictions. In comparison with cannabis, far fewer Australians have ever used heroin, cocaine, amphetamines or hallucinogens.

Of those surveyed, more than 98 per cent reported never having used heroin and 97 per cent said they had never used cocaine. The number of Australians who have recently ie in the last 12 months used cocaine, heroin, amphetamines, hallucinogens or designer drugs is also small. What are the socioeconomic characteristics of drug users? Some recent research which has been done involving injecting drug users casts doubts on traditional ideas. Injecting drug use is often associated with chaotic lifestyles, unemployment and poor education.

Australian studies have tended to bear out these views. One Western Australian study of injecting drug users who had been in treatment found that only 24 per cent had completed secondary schooling and about 80 per cent were unemployed. Two researchers from the National Centre for Research into the Prevention of Drug Abuse found that 44 per cent of such drug users were married or living with their sexual partner, nearly 24 per cent had finished high school, about 22 per cent had completed trade or technical school education, nearly 7 per cent had finished a university or college course, 46 per cent were employed and nearly 17 per cent owned or were buying their own home.

Since , the Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health has published statistics on abuse of licit and illicit drugs. It is estimated that almost one in five deaths in were caused by the use of licit or illicit drugs. Of these, 72 per cent were caused by tobacco, about 25 per cent by alcohol and 3 per cent by illicit drugs. The role of illicit drug use in causing death in the community varies according to age group. While in , 1 per cent of drug-related deaths in the population aged over 35 years were caused by illicit drug use, about 34 per cent of drug related deaths in the year age group were caused by illicit drugs.

Unsafe injecting drug use may also cause death through the transmission of HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C and thus contribute to an increase in illicit drug-related mortality in the future. Different conclusions have been drawn from statistics like those cited above. For some commentators the statistics indicate that illicit drugs are less dangerous than licit substances such as tobacco and alcohol.

For others, they demonstrate the effectiveness of prohibition in controlling drug-related mortality. There are many difficulties in trying to assess the economic and social costs of illicit drug use in Australia. A number of attempts have been made. These costs do not include ambulance services, welfare, absenteeism or crime, as the authors regard such matters as unquantifiable. About one-third of the tangible economic costs were law enforcement costs.

Production costs are the costs to production that flow from drug-related death and illness adjusted for such things as consumption resources made available to the community through premature deaths. Health care costs include the costs of medical services, hospital and nursing home beds adjusted for the savings that result from death and illness due to illicit drug use.

A recent study entitled The Social Impacts of the Legislative Options for Cannabis Use in Australia , 44 collated nationwide figures on the law enforcement and criminal justice system response to cannabis use. The study concluded that the majority of illicit drug use offences in Australia are for possession or use of cannabis.

For those who are charged with possession or use of cannabis, the most likely outcome is a fine. It appears that very few offenders are imprisoned for minor cannabis offences such as use or possession. That this is so, is a source of concern among some commentators and members of the public who criticise lack of rigorous enforcement of the law on the basis that it brings the law into disrepute.

According to the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence, nearly 80 per cent of drug-related arrests in Australia are for cannabis offences. Heroin-related arrests total about 7 per cent of drug-related arrests in Australia, amphetamines account for about 4 per cent of drug-related arrests, cocaine 0. Illicit drug users are not only drawn into the criminal justice system because drug use per se is illegal. They may commit property offences to finance illicit drug use. However, the relationship between crime and illicit drug use is not a simple one.

Criminological research indicates that illicit drug use itself is not necessarily the trigger for a person to commit crimes: drug users may have committed offences before they began using illicit drugs. However, it does seem likely that once a person becomes an illicit drug user he or she may commit offences more regularly in order to pay for their 'drug habit. It is generally accepted that few illicit drugs cause drug users to behave violently. As the National Committee on Violence commented: 'The association which is observed between alcohol and violent behaviour is rarely seen in the case of the most commonly abused illicit drugs'.

The profit to be made from dealing in illicit drugs has the potential to produce corruption in law enforcement agencies. Most recently, Royal Commissioner Wood stated that drug trafficking was ' Finally, illicit drugs are a problem within Australia's prison system.

This is so for at least two reasons. Some offenders enter prison with an existing drug habit. Others acquire a habit during their incarceration because of the availability of drugs in gaol and the boredom and stresses of prison life. Where their drug use involves injecting, the likelihood is that injecting equipment will be shared and either not cleaned effectively or at all, with the attendant risk of disease transmission both inside the prison system and outside once the offender is released.

A review of harm reduction strategies put it this way:. Australian attitudes to the legal status of cannabis have been surveyed since the s-with results varying according to the survey and the questions asked of respondents.

It has been estimated that in about 9 per cent of the population supported legalisation of cannabis use. According to one study published in , 51 about 1 in 4 Australians supported legalising cannabis but some 65 per cent of the community supported an increase in penalties for sale or supply of the drug.

The respondents in this survey expressed little support for the legalisation of other illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. In another study conducted in December , between 52 and 55 per cent of those sampled believed that personal use of cannabis, or possession for personal use, should be legal and some 75 per cent of those surveyed felt that personal use of cannabis or possession for personal use should not attract criminal penalties.

The National Drug Strategy Household Survey 53 found that 8 per cent of those surveyed supported the legalisation of personal use of heroin, 87 per cent opposed it and 6 per cent were undecided. In the same survey, 87 per cent of respondees supported increased penalties for the sale or supply of heroin, 8 per cent opposed this and 4 per cent were undecided.

In the case of personal use of amphetamines, 87 per cent opposed legalisation and, in the case of personal use of cocaine, 89 per cent opposed legalisation. This survey also found that about one quarter of those sampled supported legalisation of the personal use of cannabis. The Household Survey revealed that the public continues to differentiate between cannabis and drugs such as heroin, amphetamines and cocaine when asked for their response to the idea that personal use of illicit drugs should be legalised.

It also appears that while support for legalisation of personal use of cannabis has increased slightly about one-third of respondents supported legalisation , opposition to the legalisation of personal use of other illicit drugs has become more marked since the Household Survey. Support for increased penalties for the sale and supply of illicit drugs other than cannabis continues to be a feature of public opinion. The Household Survey also collected public opinion data on how governments should spend their money on illicit drug programs in order to reduce illicit drug use.

In 19th century Australia a wide range of drugs, including opiates, was available to the public from doctors, pharmacists, homoeopaths, grocers and sellers of proprietary medicines. This 'user' profile remained largely unchanged until the s. Early regulation of drugs occurred by way of poisons laws which imposed requirements on the sale and labelling of certain drugs. It appears that these laws were a response to the use of drugs such as arsenic in poisonings, suicides and homicides. According to one commentator, Australia had the highest rate of consumption of proprietary medicines per capita in the world at this time.

The Royal Commission criticised the lack of controls on the composition and availability of proprietary medicines, advertising claims, the use of preparations containing cocaine and opiates to pacify infants and treat alcoholism, and their free availability to adolescents and adults alike. Royal Commissioner Octavius Beale said:. Although white Australians were substantial consumers of cocaine, opiates and other drugs, Australia's earliest laws prohibiting and penalising the non-medical consumption of drugs targeted smokeable opium-a substance used primarily in the Chinese community.

These early illicit drug laws had their origins in anti-Chinese prejudice and the temperance movement. They also heralded the emergence of the medical professional as a powerful pressure group, the decline of the proprietary medicine industry and a movement away from laissez-faire government to increased regulation of citizens.

Queensland proscribed the sale of smokeable opium to Aboriginal people under the Sale and Use of Poisons Act In , South Australia prohibited all opium smoking. New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria followed suit.

With the Federation of the Australian colonies in , the Commonwealth was empowered to deal with imports and exports and in banned the importation of opium suitable for smoking. In , the Commonwealth made it an offence to be in possession of a prohibited import such as opium without reasonable excuse.

The burden of proving 'reasonable' excuse was placed on the defendant. International influences, especially the emergence of international conventions dealing with illicit drugs, played a major part in the development of illicit drugs laws and policies in Australia. They continue to be important, with proposals for drug law reform being assessed in terms of international treaty obligations. The use of and trade in cannabis and opium were, for many years, common in the colonies of the Great Powers and a source of income for countries such as Great Britain.

However, in the early decades of the 20th century, the United States emerged as the leading exponent of a prohibitionist approach to the non-medical use of drugs:. In a meeting on the opium trade, spurred by the existence of an opium trade between Great Britain and China, was held in Shanghai and attended by 13 nations.

This meeting did not produce an international treaty but laid the groundwork for the Hague Conference which was attended by 42 nations. The Hague Conference produced the Hague Convention for the Suppression of Opium and Other Drugs which exhorted its signatories to 'confine to medical and legitimate purposes the manufacture, sale and use of opium, heroin, morphine and cocaine'. The Geneva Convention on Opium and Other Drugs restricted to medical and scientific purposes the manufacture, importation, sale, distribution, exportation and use of cannabis, as well as medicinal opium, cocaine, morphine and heroin.

Importantly, States Parties were required to enact domestic laws to reflect these requirements. In , the Narcotics Limitation Convention targeted the manufacture of narcotics and required States Parties to participate in an enforceable scheme whereby advance estimates of requirements for narcotic drugs had to be notified by States Parties to the PCOB.

States Parties could only import and export narcotics in conformity with those advance estimates. The Commonwealth responded to international pressures as early as when it restricted the importation of opium, morphine, heroin and cocaine to medicinal purposes and required importers to obtain a licence. It also applied pressure on the States to conform with international drug treaties.

Regulation of the use, sale, possession or manufacture of previously uncontrolled drugs such as morphine, heroin, cocaine and medicinal opium was introduced at State level between and about The possession of these drugs became legal only if obtained on a medical prescription or if the possessor was a specially authorised person such as a doctor or chemist.

A system of licences, record keeping requirements and authorisations was established and penalties were introduced for unauthorised possession. There was some medicinal use of cannabis in Australia in the 19th century and cannabis cigarettes were available into the 20th century. These things apart, cannabis was little used until the s-which may account for the fact that in Australia the regulation of cannabis was slower to materialise than the regulation of morphine, heroin, cocaine and opium.

The Commonwealth prohibited the importation of cannabis in The first penal controls in the States on unauthorised cannabis use were introduced in Victoria with the Poisons Act The medical use of heroin was phased out in Australia as the 20th century progressed, in response to international conventions and pressure particularly from the United States.

At the time, heroin was used in Australia in cough mixtures and for palliation in childbirth and terminal cancer. In the Commonwealth Government introduced an absolute prohibition on the importation of heroin and urged the States to prohibit its manufacture. This they did-despite opposition from the medical profession.

Recreational and dependent use of illicit drugs grew in the s and s in Australia and other Western nations. Internationally, there was renewed interest in illicit drug treaties. Domestically, penalties for illicit drug use were increased. However, during the s, legislators and policy makers turned their attention to how best to respond to the drug problem and began to ask whether the criminal law was the most appropriate response to personal use and cultivation of cannabis, spawning a number of State and Federal inquiries.

In the mid to late s, the first reforms of cannabis laws occurred in the ACT and the Northern Territory. Until the s, drug dependence was not viewed as a major social problem in Australia. Dependent users whose addiction was therapeutically induced were maintained on heroin, pethidine, morphine and opium. However, in the s and s there was increased and visible use of drugs like cannabis, heroin, and LSD. The use of illicit drugs by the youth of Australia and other Western nations provoked fears of social unrest and moral decay.

In addition, there was disquiet about the costs-societal and personal-which stemmed from the impact of criminal laws on drug users. From the s, most Australian States gradually removed controls on the non-medical use of drugs from poisons legislation to statutes with a criminal justice orientation.

Penalties were increased, with the heaviest penalties prescribed for drug traffickers. New drugs were added to prohibited drugs statutes-for example, new offences were created of being in possession of, manufacturing, selling, dealing or trafficking in hallucinogens, and new powers were given to law enforcement officials.

It required the parties 'to limit exclusively to medical and scientific purposes the production, manufacture, export, import, distribution of, trade in, use and possession of [narcotic] drugs'. The Commonwealth then enacted the Narcotic Drugs Act which establishes a system of licensing and permits for the manufacture and distribution of drugs covered by the Single Convention in order to monitor domestic drug movements.

These licences and permits are additional to any required under State law. The Commonwealth also revised offences and penalties relating to narcotic drugs under the Customs Act As well, a new offence of being in possession of a narcotic without reasonable excuse on a ship or plane was created, with the onus of proof being reversed and placed on the defendant. Other offences introduced were importing or attempting to import narcotics or being in possession of unlawfully imported narcotics.

The Psychotropic Substances Act Cwlth was enacted in response to the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances and provides for controls over certain psychotropic substances entering Australian ports or airports in the course of consignment from one country outside Australia to another country outside Australia.

In , the penalties for narcotic drugs offences were again amended in the Customs Act. For example, the penalty for a Customs Act offence involving a commercial quantity of any narcotic good including cannabis was increased to life imprisonment. These amendments enabled the Federal Court in civil proceedings to order that a person pay a pecuniary penalty equivalent to the benefit that person received from illegal drug trafficking and to enable that person's assets to be frozen during those proceedings so that they could not be disposed of.

There were similar developments at State level: in general, penalties were increased with differences in penalties between 'users' and 'traffickers. With the exception of the Australian Royal Commission of Inquiry into Drugs, the conclusions in relation to cannabis reached by these inquiries were similar. In general, they distinguished between the harm caused by cannabis and harm resulting from the use of narcotics such as heroin and supported the decriminalisation of personal use of cannabis.

It concluded that such a step would be contrary to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and lead to calls for decriminalisation of other illicit drugs. It recommended that consideration of decriminalisation of cannabis use be delayed for ten years during which time information on the drug should be collected and analysed. Lastly, some reform of personal cannabis use offences was undertaken. However, distinctions continued to be made not only between 'soft' and 'hard' drugs but also between personal use and trafficking in drugs, with the Commonwealth and States increasing penalties for trafficking in illicit drugs, including cannabis.

The efficacy of prohibition to combat the drug problem continued to be questioned in some quarters. The major inquiry on drug-related issues held during the s was conducted by the Parliamentary Joint Committee on the National Crime Authority, which published Drugs, Crime and Society in The report stated:. However, international treaties continued to emphasise prohibition and law enforcement. The United Nations Convention Against Illicit Trafficking in Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances is designed to suppress organised commercial trafficking in narcotics and psychotropic substances at an international level through the co-operative use of the criminal law-including search, seizure and extradition.

The Conference developed a national strategy to reduce the harm caused by drug abuse. In , the South Australian Parliament amended the Controlled Substances Act to decriminalise the cultivation and use of cannabis in small quantities. An expiation notice scheme was established for adult offenders. If the fine payable under the expiation notice is paid then no conviction is recorded. Juveniles who are found possessing, using or cultivating small quantities of cannabis are dealt with in the Children's Court.

Law reform in relation to personal use and cultivation of cannabis was largely confined to South Australia in this period. Possession of drugs such as heroin, or trafficking in any proscribed substance, carried even more severe sanctions. State legislation also targeted drug trafficking in other ways: for example, through forfeiture provisions, deeming provisions 87 and, in some cases, provisions relating to the use of listening devices, body searches and the issuing of search warrants.

In South Australia, when the Controlled Substances Act was amended in to provide for expiation notices, the penalties for manufacturing, selling or supplying proscribed drugs, including cannabis, were substantially increased. The s has witnessed some further reform of cannabis laws, reforms to drug paraphernalia laws 88 and discussion of alternative approaches to 'hard' drugs such as heroin.

However, for the most part, Australian drug laws retain their criminal justice orientation; heavy penalties for traffickers in all illicit drugs, heavy penalties for users of 'hard' drugs and with some variations heavy penalties for cannabis users. By the early s, South Australia, Tasmania, Queensland and New South Wales had repealed laws which made possession of needles and syringes for the purpose of administering a prohibited drug a criminal offence.

Instead, the Drugs of Dependence Amendment Act created simple cannabis offences for both adults and juveniles. Simple cannabis offences are those involving:. The Queensland report arose out of the Fitzgerald Royal Commission, which recommended that the Criminal Justice Commission CJC undertake a review of the criminal law, including illicit drug laws.

The CJC's report on Cannabis and the Law in Queensland was published in and recommended a number of statutory reforms including:. While penalties vary between jurisdictions, maximum penalties for simple cannabis offences remain high in some States. As the Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence remarked:. In April , the National Drug Strategy Committee 96 convened a National Task Force on Cannabis to produce papers summarising the current state of knowledge about the drug. The Task Force commissioned papers on the health and psychological effects of cannabis use, legislative options for cannabis use, cannabis consumption patterns and public opinion.

Following consideration of these reports, the Task Force produced a number of recommendations. In particular, it recommended that the possession, unsanctioned cultivation, sale and non-therapeutic use of cannabis in any quantity should remain illegal, but that 'jurisdictions consider discontinuing the application of criminal penalties for the simple personal use or possession of cannabis, without compromising activities aimed at deterring cannabis use.

Heroin has also come under the spotlight with the presentation of two reports from Feasibility Research into the Controlled Availability of Opioids conducted by the National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health and the Australian Institute of Criminology.

An 'in principle' feasibility study of the provision of heroin to dependent users was published in It recommended that the study proceed to Stage 2, an examination of the logistical feasibility of such a trial. The Stage 2 report, presented to the ACT Chief Minister in , recommended three pilot studies to assess the usefulness of heroin as a maintenance treatment for dependent heroin users.

Progression to each pilot would depend on the success of the previous pilot study. It was recommended that:. Following the presentation of the report, the ACT Chief Minister commissioned a task force headed by former New South Wales coroner, Kevin Waller, to examine community attitudes to a heroin trial and the conduct of a trial, and to recommend whether the ACT Government should proceed to the first pilot study.

In January , Mr Waller's report was published. The Task Force recommended that:. He said, 'I am yet to read the full report but I believe the Task Force findings are important. From a law enforcement perspective there are strong reasons for supporting the ACT heroin trial.

As a result of the Federal election on 2 March , there was a change of Government in Canberra. On 9 April , the Commonwealth Minister for Health, Michael Wooldridge, was reported as saying that he was not optimistic about the prospects for the heroin trial. However, it decided that further consideration be given a number of matters including the national implications of a trial. A sub-committee of the National Drug Strategy Committee is considering these matters. Among the Committee's terms of reference were the extent and nature of illicit drug use, the effectiveness and cost to the community of drug trafficking laws, and the impact of criminal activity associated with substance abuse and drug trafficking.

It must be added that not all of the Committee's recommendations were unanimous.

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