This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. Skip to main content Try our corporate solution for free! Single Accounts Corporate Solutions Universities. This statistic shows the annual prevalence of use of steroids for grades 8, 10 and 12 combined, from to Around 1.
Steroids are sometimes used illegally by athletes to build muscle and improve athletic performance. Loading statistic Show source. Download for free You need to log in to download this statistic Register for free Already a member? Log in. Show detailed source information?
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Veterinary steroids that are commercially available in the U. Other steroids found on the illicit market that are not approved for use in the U. A variety of non-steroid drugs are commonly found within the illicit anabolic steroid market. These substances are primarily used for one or more of the following reasons: 1 to serve as an alternative to anabolic steroids; 2 to alleviate short-term adverse effects associated with anabolic steroid use; or 3 to mask anabolic steroid use.
Examples of drugs serving as alternatives to anabolic steroids include clenbuterol, human growth hormone, insulin, insulin-like growth factor, and gamma-hydroxybutyrate GHB. Examples of drugs used to treat the short-term adverse effects of anabolic steroid abuse are erythropoietin, human chorionic gonadotropin HCG , and tamoxifen. Also, diuretics and uricosuric agents may be used to mask steroid use.
The following chart illustrates how masking is accomplished:. Over the last few years, a number of metabolic precursors to either testosterone or nandrolone have been marketed as dietary supplements in the U. These dietary supplements can be purchased in health food stores without a prescription. Some of these substances include androstenedione, androstenediol, norandrostenedione, norandrostenediol, and dehydroepiandtrosterone DHEA , which can be converted into testosterone or a similar compound in the body.
Whether they promote muscle growth is not known. An undetermined percentage of steroid abusers may become addicted to the drug, as evidenced by their continuing to take steroids in spite of physical problems, negative effects on social relations, or nervousness and irritability.
Steroid users can experience withdrawal symptoms such as mood swings, fatigue, restlessness, and depression. Untreated, some depressive symptoms associated with anabolic steroid withdrawal have been known to persist for a year or more after the abuser stops taking the drugs. The "Monitoring the Future" study conducted in , determined that since there has been a significant increase of steroid use by school age children. This annual study, supported by the NIDA and conducted by the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, surveys drug use among eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders in the United States.
The first year data was collected on younger students was in Since there has been a significant increase in reported steroid use by teenagers. For all three grades, the levels represent a significant increase from The following chart illustrates the increase of steroid abuse among teenagers who reported using steroids at least once in their lifetime:. In addition, the survey also determined how easy it was for school aged children to obtain steroids.
The survey determined the annual prevalence rates were two to four times as high among males as among females. The "Monitoring the Future" study also determined that misuse and abuse of steroids is a major concern among school aged children. Some of their findings are alarming and indicate a need for concern:. The survey also indicated that 5. A majority of the studies performed on steroid abuse indicate males are twice as likely to abuse steroids as females.
The most important aspect to curtailing abuse is education concerning dangerous and harmful side effects, and symptoms of abuse. Athletes and others must understand that they can excel in sports and have a great body without steroids. They should focus on getting proper diet, rest, and good overall mental and physical health. These things are all factors in how the body is shaped and conditioned. Millions of people have excelled in sports and look great without steroids.
For additional information on steroids please see our website at: www. The Department of Justice does not endorse the organizations or views represented by this site and takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over, the accuracy, accessibility, copyright or trademark compliance or legality of the material contained on this site. A Guide for Parents and School Officials Once viewed as a problem strictly associated with body builders, fitness "buffs," and professional athletes, abuse of anabolic steroids by school age children has significantly increased over the past decade.
What are anabolic steroids? Why are steroids abused? Where do you get steroids? How are steroids taken? For Guys For Girls Baldness Development of breasts Painful erections Shrinkage of testicles Loss of function of testicles Growth of facial and body hair Deepened voice Breast reduction Enlarged clitoris Menstrual irregularities For Both Acne Jaundice yellowing of the skin Swelling — Fluid retention Stunted growth close the growth plates in the long bones and permanently stunt their growth Increase in bad cholesterol levels Decrease in good cholesterol levels Mood swings Increase in feelings of hostility Increase in aggressive behavior Laws and penalties for anabolic steroid abuse Concerns over a growing illicit market, abuse by teenagers, and the uncertainty of possible long-term effects of steroid use led Congress in to place anabolic steroids as a class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act CSA.
Common types of steroids abused The illicit anabolic steroid market includes steroids that are not commercially available in the U. Steroid alternatives A variety of non-steroid drugs are commonly found within the illicit anabolic steroid market. The following chart illustrates how masking is accomplished: Drug Group Drug or Effect How drug masks steroid use Uricosuric Agents Probenecid Decreases entry of steroids into the urine Diuretics Spironolactone, Furosemide Dilutes steroid concentration in the urine Epitestosterone Decreases Testosterone to Epitestosterone ratio Reduces detection of testosterone usage Over the last few years, a number of metabolic precursors to either testosterone or nandrolone have been marketed as dietary supplements in the U.
Are anabolic steroids addictive? Statistics The "Monitoring the Future" study conducted in , determined that since there has been a significant increase of steroid use by school age children. The following chart illustrates the increase of steroid abuse among teenagers who reported using steroids at least once in their lifetime: Percent of Students Reporting Steroid Use - Year Eighth grade Tenth Grade Twelfth Grade 1.
Some of their findings are alarming and indicate a need for concern: A survey in determined that , students nationwide, or 2. A survey in determined the percentage of 12th graders who believed that taking these drugs causes "great risk" to health declined from 68 percent to 62 percent. How can we curtail their abuse? You are about to access: The Department of Justice does not endorse the organizations or views represented by this site and takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over, the accuracy, accessibility, copyright or trademark compliance or legality of the material contained on this site.
Thank you for visiting our site. Baldness Development of breasts Painful erections Shrinkage of testicles Loss of function of testicles. Growth of facial and body hair Deepened voice Breast reduction Enlarged clitoris Menstrual irregularities.