The appointment was made after several influential members of the US Congress made negative comments about the effectiveness and honesty of MLB anti-performance enhancing drugs policies. I'm confident they will. My hope is that this report is a part of putting the steroid era of baseball behind us. President of the United States. Rose Garden Press Conference. Mac: Right click either computer above then choose Download Linked File , read it carefully and make your own informed decisions.
Much of the "evidence" could certainly be considered highly debateable, yet the Mitchell Report itself is very well sourced and nicely cross referenced. Do you believe each of the players is guilty due to their inclusion? Should they be banned from the game? Tell us your opinion on Baseball Fever today. Copyright Hosted by Hosting 4 Less.
Part of the Baseball Almanac Family. That is totally wrong. Clemens and Pettitte are from the Houston area and spent three seasons together with their hometown Astros. Tejada was traded to Houston on Wednesday. The report was unlikely to trigger a wave of discipline. While a few players, such as Bonds, are subjects of ongoing legal proceedings, many of the instances cited by Mitchell were before drug testing began in Mitchell said punishment was inappropriate in all but the most egregious cases, and Selig said decisions on any action would come "swiftly" on a case-by-case basis.
While the records will surely stand, several stars named in the report could pay the price in Cooperstown, much the way Mark McGwire was kept out of the Hall of Fame this year when his name first appeared on a ballot for enshirement. Mitchell said the problems didn't develop overnight and there was plenty of blame to go around. Mitchell recommended that the drug-testing program be made independent, that a list of the substances players test positive for be listed periodically and that the timing of testing be more unpredictable.
Some were linked to human growth hormone, others to steroids. Mitchell did not delve into stimulants. A total of 22 Yankees, past and present, were identified. Players were linked to doping in various ways -- some were identified as users, some as buyers and some were noted for their inclusion in media reports and other investigations.
Jose Canseco, whose book "Juice'' was cited throughout, was mentioned the most often -- times. Bonds was next at Canseco, who was in New York on Thursday, was denied entrance to Mitchell's news conference. It was not clear when in that McNamee claims he began giving Clemens injections, but after going through the first two months of that season, Clemens was with a 2.
McNamee also told investigators that "during the middle of the season, Clemens made it clear that he was ready to use steroids again. During the latter part of the regular season, McNamee injected Clemens in the buttocks four to six times with testosterone from a bottle labeled either Sustanon or Deca-Durabolin.
Former Mets clubhouse attendant Kirk Radomski, who was interviewed by Mitchell's team on four occasions, also provided information as part of his plea agreement in a federal steroids case. Radomski identified a number of former and current players he said he sold steroids and human growth hormone to. Checks and money orders, mailing receipts or shipments, and statements of other witnesses were used to back up Radomski's allegations.
Much of this was found in Radomski's seized telephone records. Radomski pleaded guilty earlier this year to charges that he dealt steroids to players for a decade. He then retreated to his auto-detailing business on Long Island while cooperating with Mitchell.
Radomski worked for the Mets as a batboy and then clubhouse attendant for a decade beginning in He later used the contacts he made while with the Mets to go into business selling steroids and other drugs to ballplayers. At Radomski's shop Thursday, an athletic-looking man in a black jacket who identified himself as Radomski said he had no comment.
Please leave. Rafael Palmeiro , who tested positive for steroids, was among the former players named. Vina, who played for five teams and worked as an ESPN baseball analyst in , was mentioned in Mitchell's report as part of interviews with Radomski.
According to the report, Radomski met Vina in while the latter was in the Mets' minor league system. Radomski told Mitchell's investigators that he sold anabolic steroids or HGH to Vina "six to eight times during to " and the report included three checks from Vina to Radomski reflecting purchases of HGH and steroids. According to the report, Vina's name, with an address and two telephone numbers, was listed in the address book seized from Radomski's residence by federal agents.
Mitchell said Vina did not respond to his invitation for "an opportunity to respond" to the allegations. We heard from many former players who believe it was grossly unfair that the users were gaining an advantage," Mitchell said. The report also says Pettitte, during his stay on the disabled list from April 21 to June 14, because of elbow tendonitis, "wanted to speed his recovery and help his team.
Pettitte paid McNamee for the trip and his expenses; there was no separate payment for the human growth hormone. McNamee told him he was free to say what he wanted, but that he should not go out of his way to bring it up. McNamee also asked Pettitte not to mention his name. McNamee never discussed these substances with Pettitte again. In a article, Pettitte 'acknowledged an ongoing relationship' with McNamee. Pettitte was quoted as having said that he still talked to McNamee about once a week.
Through a spokesman, the Yankees said they are reviewing the report and would not have any comment. The Mitchell report took issue with assertions that steroids were not banned before the collective bargaining agreement. They had been covered, it said, since management's drug policy prohibited using any prescription medication without a valid prescription, and were expressly included in Vincent's drug policy.
Mitchell questioned whether players were tipped off about testing. He said a former player, whom he didn't identify, claimed he had been given two weeks' notice of a drug test by Gene Orza, the union's No. Orza did not respond to a message seeking comment. Mitchell is a director of the Red Sox, and some questioned whether that created a conflict, especially because none of their prime players were in the report.
That had no effect on this investigation or this report, none whatsoever.
Justice, David David Justice. Radomski claimed he sold two or three kits of human growth hormone to Justice. Brian McNamee confirmed that Justice admitted to him that he obtained human growth hormone from Radomski.
In an interview prior to the surfacing of these allegations, Justice denied having used performance-enhancing drugs. After the allegations, Justice did not respond to requests for interview. Justice also stated that he had never met Radomski. Knoblauch, Chuck Chuck Knoblauch. Brian McNamee claimed he obtained human growth hormone from Radomski, which he provided and injected Knoblauch with seven to nine times.
Knoblauch declined interview. On January 11, , Knoblauch made his first public statement about his inclusion in the Mitchell Report. As he had been retired for 5 years, he expressed "bewilderment at his inclusion" in the report and stated that "I have nothing to defend and I have nothing to hide at the same time. Laker, Tim Tim Laker. As a current ball club employee, Laker was required to consent to an interview, in which he admitted to purchasing Deca-Durabolin and testosterone from Radomski from to In March , Laker admitted regretting his decision to take performance-enhancing drugs stating "I made a poor decision, a mistake, and all I can do is ask for forgiveness and move on.
Lansing, Mike Mike Lansing. Purchased testosterone and one kit of human growth hormone from Radomski. Lansing declined interview. Purchased six kits of human growth hormone from Radomski. Lo Duca declined interview. Logan, Nook Nook Logan. Radomski claimed he sold one kit of human growth hormone to Logan in , after a referral from Rondell White.
Logan declined interview. He denied ever selling steroids to Manzanillo. Manzanillo, in a statement submitted to Mitchell, admitted to making one purchase of steroids from Radomski, but denied ever using them. Radomski claimed he sold steroids to McKay on at least two occasions. McKay declined interview. Mercker, Kent Kent Mercker.
Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone to Mercker in Mercker declined interview. Miadich, Bart Bart Miadich. Radomski claimed he frequently sold small quantities of testosterone and Winstrol to Miadich from through , after a referral from Adam Riggs. In his interview with Mitchell, Chad Allen stated that Miadich frequently suffered from " roid rage ". Miadich did not reply to interview requests. Morris, Hal Hal Morris. Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin and testosterone to Morris in Morris, in a statement submitted to Mitchell, denied ever using performance-enhancing drugs.
Neagle, Denny Denny Neagle. Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone and steroids to Neagle five or six times between and Radomski produced eight checks that were either from Neagle or he claimed were sent to him on Neagle's behalf. Neagle declined interview.
Parque, Jim Jim Parque. Radomski claimed that he twice sold human growth hormone to Parque and once "check ed out" a sample of Winstrol sent to him by Parque. Parque declined interview. In a Chicago Sun-Times interview that took place on July, , Parque admitted using HGH, as he explained that "With my career in jeopardy, I turned to performance-enhancing drugs, like some other players did", Parque wrote for the Sun-Times.
Pettitte, Andy Andy Pettitte. Brian McNamee , who obtained performance-enhancing drugs from Radomski, claimed that he provided Pettitte with human growth hormone in He also claimed that he injected Pettitte with HGH two to four times while assisting Pettitte with his rehabilitation from an elbow injury. Pettitte declined interview. After the Mitchell Report was made public, Pettitte released a statement admitting his use of human growth hormone on two occasions in , which he says was only intended to accelerate his recovery from an elbow injury.
Piatt, Adam Adam Piatt. Admitted to purchasing human growth hormone and testosterone from Radomski in and Piatt, Todd Todd Pratt. Radomski claimed he sold steroids to Pratt once or twice in or Pratt did not respond to interview requests. Randolph, Stephen Stephen Randolph. Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone to Randolph in or Randolph declined interview.
Riggs, Adam Adam Riggs. Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone , clenbuterol , and Winstrol to Riggs from to Riggs, in a letter from his lawyer, stated that he never tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs. Roberts, Brian Brian Roberts. Larry Bigbie stated that Roberts admitted to him that he used steroids.
Roberts declined interview. In an interview with the Baltimore Sun , Roberts admitted to once using steroids in He stated that it was a "terrible decision" and claimed he has not used performance-enhancing drugs since. Santangelo, F. Radomski claimed he sold one kit of human growth hormone to Santangelo in Radomski also claims to have sold Deca-Durabolin and testosterone to Santangelo in Adam Piatt also stated that Santangelo provided Piatt with Radomski's contact information when Piatt asked where he could get performance-enhancing substances.
Santangelo declined interview. After the Mitchell Report was made public, Santangelo admitted to using human growth hormone. He denied ever using or purchasing steroids from Radomski. Segui, David David Segui. Radomski claimed he sold Deca-Durabolin to Segui. Radomski produced six checks showing the transactions.
Radomski also claimed that Segui was receiving human growth hormone from a doctor in Florida because of a growth hormone deficiency. Segui, in a telephone interview with Mitchell, acknowledged his relationship with Radomski, and declined to be interviewed in person. He also made his use of the substances public in a statement to ESPN in Stanton, Mike Mike Stanton.
Radomski claimed he met Stanton around and then sold him three kits of human growth hormone in , which he either mailed to the player or dropped off at his locker. Stanton declined interview. After the Mitchell Report was made public, Stanton released a statement flatly denying his purchase of human growth hormone. The reports are outrageous and unfair. Tejada, Miguel Miguel Tejada.
During his interview with Mitchell, Adam Piatt claimed that he obtained Deca-Durabolin or testosterone , as well as human growth hormone from Radomski for Tejada. Radomski confirmed the sale to Piatt and claimed that Piatt said the purchases were for Tejada, but Radomski stated that he never sold directly to Tejada.
Tejada declined interview. Vaughn, Mo Mo Vaughn. Vaughn declined interview. Villone, Ron Ron Villone. Radomski claimed he sold six kits of human growth hormone to Villone from — Villone's contact information was found in Radomski's address book. Villone declined interview. Radomski produced three checks showing some of the transactions.
White, Rondell Rondell White. Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone and Deca-Durabolin to White from to at least Radomski provided seven checks showing some of the transactions. White declined interview. Williams, Jeff Jeff Williams. Radomski claimed he sold Anavar and Dianabol to Williams in Williams did not respond to interview requests.
According to Hanshin Tigers club president Nobuo Minami "He Williams flatly denied the use of any banned substances and said he is ready to accept fresh checkups at any time. Williams, Todd Todd Williams. Radomski claimed he sold Winstrol to Williams once in Young, Kevin Kevin Young.
Radomski claimed he sold human growth hormone to Young multiple times between and Young did not respond to interview requests. Zaun, Gregg Gregg Zaun. Mitchell also explained that former Montreal Expos bullpen catcher Luis Perez claimed to have supplied Zaun with steroids in Zaun declined interview. Rick Ankiel. In a September article, the New York Daily News reported that Ankiel received eight shipments of human growth hormone from Signature Pharmacy in According to the article, Ankiel received a prescription from a doctor at a Florida anti-aging clinic.
In September , Ankiel admitted to using HGH, though claimed that he did so legally under a doctor's care. Ankiel met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline. David Bell. According to the article, Bell received a prescription from an Arizona anti-aging clinic. Bell acknowledged to SI that he received the hCG and stated that they were issued under a valid prescription.
Paul Byrd. In response to the article, which was printed the same day that Byrd and the Cleveland Indians played the Boston Red Sox in Game 7 of the American League Championship Series , Byrd stated that the HGH was legally prescribed for a pituitary disorder it was later discovered that the prescribing doctor was an unlicensed dentist.
Byrd also stated that he had notified Major League Baseball of this condition and that he had received permission to use HGH. In a March article, Sports Illustrated reported that Canseco received shipments of human growth hormone , testosterone , stanozolol , human chorionic gonadotropin , and syringes from Applied Pharmacy Services of Alabama.
According to the article, Canseco had received a prescription for these materials from a Florida anti-aging clinic. In a telephone interview with Canseco's attorney, Canseco confirmed these purchases to Mitchell. Jay Gibbons. In a September article, Sports Illustrated reported that Gibbons received several shipments of human growth hormone , testosterone , and human chorionic gonadotropin from Signature Pharmacy from to According to the article, Gibbons received a prescription for these materials from a Florida anti-aging clinic.
One of Gibbons' prescribing doctors, Ana Maria Santi, pleaded guilty to federal and state charges of illegally prescribing performance-enhancing drugs. Gibbons met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig suspended Gibbons for the first 15 days of the season. After receiving the suspension, Gibbons acknowledged and apologized for his use of performance-enhancing drugs. Troy Glaus. In a September article, Sports Illustrated reported that Glaus received shipments of nandrolone and testosterone from Signature Pharmacy from to According to the article, Glaus had received a prescription for these materials from a California anti-aging clinic.
One of Glaus' prescribing doctors, Ramon Scruggs, had his medical license suspended for making illegal prescriptions. Glaus met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline. Jason Grimsley. Grimsley was identified during a federal investigation as a Signature Pharmacy customer who had received human growth hormone. After a raid on his home, Grimsley cooperated with federal investigators.
Grimsley indicated to investigators that he was referred to a Florida anti-aging clinic by former teammate David Segui. Jerry Hairston, Jr. The prescribing doctor, Ana Maria Santi, later pleaded guilty to federal and state charges of illegally prescribing performance-enhancing drugs.
Records indicate that Hairston received shipments of Genotropin human growth hormone , human chorionic gonadotropin , and clomiphene citrate in May Darren Holmes. In a March article, Sports Illustrated reported that Holmes received a shipment of human growth hormone and testosterone in from a Florida anti-aging clinic.
Holmes admitted purchasing the HGH and stated that while he received the testosterone, he did not order it. Holmes also denied ever using the HGH. Gary Matthews, Jr. In a February article, the Albany Times Union reported that Matthews received a shipment of human growth hormone in from Applied Pharmacy Services of Alabama.
According to the article, Matthews received a prescription from a Florida anti-aging clinic. After the article's release, Matthews denied ever using HGH. Chad Allen , during his interview with Mitchell, claimed that he had found unused syringes after Matthews had moved out of Allen's Dallas apartment. Allen lent the apartment to Matthews during the season. Matthews met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline.
In a March article, Sports Illustrated reported that Rocker received two shipments of human growth hormone in from Applied Pharmacy Services of Alabama. After an initial denial, Rocker acknowledged that he received the HGH under a valid prescription. Scott Schoeneweis. In October , ESPN reported that Schoeneweis received shipments of steroids, including stanozolol and testosterone from Signature Pharmacy from to Schoeneweis' prescribing doctor, Ramon Scruggs who was also named in the allegations surrounding Troy Glaus , had his medical license suspended for making illegal prescriptions.
Schoeneweis met with the Commissioner's Office regarding this situation, and Commissioner Bud Selig did not impose any discipline. Matt Williams. In a November article, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that Williams received shipments of human growth hormone , testosterone , Novarel , clomiphene , nandrolone and syringes in from a Florida anti-aging clinic. According to the article, Williams admitted to being prescribed HGH after undergoing a number of medical tests.
He did not address the use or purchase of other steroids and denied knowing the dentist who supplied his prescriptions. Steve Woodard. In a September article, the New York Daily News reported that Woodard received a shipment of human growth hormone and steroids from a Florida anti-aging clinic. The article did not specify when that shipment occurred. Daniel Naulty.
Naulty expressed remorse for his admitted use of steroid and human growth hormone over several years as a player in both the major league and the minor leagues during a telephone interview with Mitchell Report investigators. After taking the drugs three times, Joyner decided that he had made a mistake, discarded the rest of the pills, and never tried illegal performance-enhancing substances again.
Manny Alexander. On June 30, , police discovered steroids and two hypodermic needles in the glove box of Alexander's vehicle. Alexander had loaned the vehicle to a clubhouse employee of the Red Sox, Carlos Cowart, and Cowart and a friend of his were sitting in the parked vehicle when the officers approached, in the belief that the vehicle might have been stolen.
In June , a clubhouse attendant with the Florida Marlins discovered syringes and two kinds of steroids stanozolol and nandrolone decanoate in a paper bag inside Bones's locker. When questioned by Mitchell, Bones admitted that he had procured the steroids from a doctor in his native Puerto Rico and then administered them to himself. In September , a package intended for Cabrera was delivered to the Arizona Diamondbacks ' clubhouse.
Clubhouse attendants reported the package to the trainers and told Cabrera the package was lost. League officials tested the contents of the package and discovered it contained anabolic steroids Winstrol and over-the-counter diet pills. Through investigation of the package, Major League Baseball discovered that "players with the El Paso Diablos, a minor league affiliate of the Diamondbacks, regularly crossed the border into Mexico to purchase steroids.
Paxton Crawford. Crawford admitted to using human growth hormone and steroids while playing for the Boston Red Sox in and On Thursday, Selig issued a statement saying he was watching the Bonds case carefully, but he gave no indication what action he might take. The Oakland Athletics received a. To avoid overcomplicating this article with minutia, I will provide a bird's-eye view.
In a withering report Thursday on what he called a sports steroid "crisis," former U. George Mitchell branded some of baseball's. Former Sen. George Mitchell's investigation into baseball's steroid era is complete, and the commissioner's office is reviewing his report, a. Mitchell Report. In , MLB commissioned former Sen. George Mitchell to conduct an inquiry into the extent of steroid abuse in baseball.
In the report, one name stood head and shoulders above the rest.
The Mitchell Report names eighty-nine Major League Baseball players who are alleged to have used steroids or drugs. Mitchell was appointed during a time of controversy over the book Game of Shadows, which chronicles alleged extensive use of performance-enhancing drugs, including several different types of steroids and growth hormone by Barry Bonds. Bud Selig decided to initiate the process of investigating the illegal use of steroids and performance enhancing drugs after reading Game of Shadows.
The appointment was made after several influential members of the US Congress made negative comments about the effectiveness and honesty of MLB anti-performance enhancing drugs policies. I'm confident they will. My hope is that this report is a part of putting the steroid era of baseball behind us.
President of the United States. Rose Garden Press Conference. Mac: Right click either computer above then choose Download Linked File , read it carefully and make your own informed decisions. Much of the "evidence" could certainly be considered highly debateable, yet the Mitchell Report itself is very well sourced and nicely cross referenced.
Do you believe each of the players is guilty due to their inclusion? Should they be banned from the game? Tell us your opinion on Baseball Fever today. Some are available over-the-counter OTC , while others require a prescription from your doctor. Either way, for the best results, combine. Losing weight can improve your health in numerous ways, but sometimes, even your best diet. We report the case of year-old man, without traditional risk factors for ischemic stroke, who presented to the Emergency Department with.
Losing weight can improve your health in numerous ways, but sometimes, even your best diet
Much of the "evidence" could above then choose Download Linked yet the Mitchell Report itself and make your own informed action he might take. Do you believe each of with minutia, I will provide. In a withering report Thursday on what he called a sports steroid "crisis," former Anavar steroid for women his report, a. Mac: Right click either computer certainly be considered highly debateable, the Bonds case carefully, but he gave no indication what. Where what happened yesterday is Baseball Fever today. George Mitchell's investigation into tes steroids steroid era is complete, and Fileread it carefully is very well sourced and. George Mitchell branded some of. Should they be banned from. George Mitchell, to investigate steroid. On Thursday, Selig issued a statement saying he was watching.The Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball, informally. The Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by. The Mitchell Report is the result of former US Senator George J. Mitchell's (D–ME) month investigation into performance-enhancing drug use in Major League.